RS21688 - Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention: Summary of Federal Mandates and Financial Assistance for Reducing Hazards in Housing
12-Jun-2008; Linda-Jo Shierow; 5 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 12, 2008
Abstract: Many U.S. children have unacceptably high levels of lead in their blood, which
may result in reduced intellectual ability, learning disabilities, or other health concerns.
A key source of lead exposure often is house dust containing lead-based paint (LBP)
from deteriorated or abraded surfaces of walls, door jambs, and window sashes. The
federal Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act (LBPPPA), as amended, establishes
requirements and authorizes funding for the detection and control of LBP hazards in
federally assisted housing. The Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of
1992 (Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, Title X; P.L. 102-550)
authorizes federal grants to state and local governments to provide assistance to private
owners of other housing (i.e., not federally assisted) for low-income residents for LBP
hazard reduction. The federal strategy to reduce childhood exposure to LBP promotes
interim measures, rather than complete removal of LBP, to eliminate by 2010 hazards
from housing units constructed prior to 1960. The Bush Administration has requested
continued funding in FY2008 for grants and related programs that support the strategy.
In 2000, President Clinton’s Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety
Risks to Children suggested that the use of financial incentives, such as tax credits or
deductions, might be explored to reduce LBP hazards in housing for additional lowincome
families not served by HUD grants and moderate-income families with young
children. Legislation to provide such incentives has been introduced into the 110th
Congress. [read report]