PDF _ RS20298 - Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards
17-Dec-2004; Brent D. Yacobucci; 6 p.

Update: April 14, 2005

Previous releases:

Abstract: Most sport utility vehicles, mini-vans, and pickups are classified as ¨light trucks¨
and thus are regulated less stringently than passenger cars under two major laws ? the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act for fuel economy standards, and the Clean Air Act
for emissions standar
ds. These differences came about because at the time the laws
were passed, light trucks were used differently, and because they represented a much
smaller share of the automobile market. Over the past decade, however, these vehicles
have dramatically increased their share of the new automobile market. Therefore, the
share of total fuel consumption and emissions attributable to these vehicles has steadily
increased. In response to this trend, the Environmental Protection Agency has ruled that
by model year 2009, emissions from all light trucks and passenger cars will be regulated
equally. Also, in April 2003, the Department of Transportation finalized more stringent
fuel economy standards for light trucks starting in MY2005. This report discusses the
discrepancy between emissions and fuel economy standards for passenger cars and light
trucks, how that discrepancy is changing, and legislative activity related to these issues.

This report will be updated as events warrant.

 [read report]

Topics: Air, Transportation, Pollution

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