PDF _ RS20702 - South Florida Ecosystem Restoration and the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
3-Jan-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh and Nicole T. Carter; 6 p.

Update: Previous releases:
June 1, 2007
December 20, 2006
May 26, 2006
March 27, 2001

Abstract: South Florida Ecosystem Restoration and the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Pervaze A. Sheikh Analyst in Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Resources, Science, and Industry Division Nicole T. Carter Specialist in Natural Resources Policy Resources, Science, and Industry Division Summary The Everglades, a unique network of subtropical wetlands in Florida, is half its original size. Many factors contributed to its decline, including flood control projects and agricultural and urban development. Federal, state, tribal, and local agencies collaborated to develop a Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP, or the plan). CERP aims to increase storage of wet season waters to augment the supplies during the dry season for both the natural system and urban and agricultural users. The plan consists of more than 60 projects estimated to take more than 30 years and $10.9 billion to complete. The Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 2000 (P.L.106-541) approved the CERP framework and authorized a first set of projects at $1.4 billion. WRDA 2000 established how CERP costs would be split; the federal government would pay half of construction and operation, and an array of state, tribal, and local agencies the other half. WRDA 2007 (P.L. 110-114) authorized a second set of CERP activities ($2.0 billion). CERP implementation issues include project priorities and funding; timeliness and effectiveness of restoration efforts (e.g., the impacts of delays in the Modified Water Deliveries project); mitigation of excess phosphorous; and technological uncertainties. This report summarizes CERP and its implementation.

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Topics: Wetlands, Legislative, Public Lands

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