PDF _ RL30452 - Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI): Research, Technology, and Related Programs
22-Jan-2001; Michael Simpson; 15 p.

Abstract: The Climate Change Technology Initiative was the Clinton Administration?s package of R&D (to develop renewable energy sources and more energy efficient technologies), targeted tax credits (to encourage purchase and deployment of more efficient technologies), and voluntary information programs (to help businesses and schools be better informed when making purchasing and operating decisions that involve energy use and emissions).

A major focus of efforts to address possible global climate change was on energy use, given that carbon dioxide, the major ?greenhouse gas,? is added to the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. Federal programs to increase energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy resources have a history that goes back well over two decades. While many of these efforts were aimed at reducing U.S. dependence on oil imports, they also are relevant to environmental concerns, including climate change. This report describes the R&D, voluntary information programs, and funding aspects of the CCTI (for details about the energy tax incentives in the last Clinton Administration budget, which this report does not discuss, please see CRS Report 98-193E Global Climate Change: the Energy Tax Incentives in the President?s FY 2000 Budget).

The FY2001 request for CCTI funds was made of two main parts: $1.432 billion for research and technology programs, and a 5-year $4.030 billion package of targeted tax incentives (the issue of tax incentives is not covered in this report). The largest portion of CCTI research and technology funding was to go to the Department of Energy (89% of the FY2000 overall CCTI budget as enacted; 81% of the FY2001 request) and to the Environmental Protection Agency (10 % of the FY2000 overall CCTI budget as enacted; 16% of the FY2001 request), with relatively small amounts to the Housing and Urban Development Department, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Commerce.

While the Clinton Administration?s budget requests for CCTI basic research activities generated little controversy, its requests for CCTI information and tax incentive programs were more controversial. Opponents argued that the renewable energy industry should have relied for commercial development on market forces rather than federal tax credits and information programs. Proponents held that the federal government needed to be involved to help overcome market barriers. [read report]

Topics: Climate Change, Science & Technology, Stratospheric Ozone

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