HTML _ RS20279 - Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals
19-Jun-2000; William Krouse; 5 p.

Abstract: The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), with a current annual budget of $4.3 billion, is the primary agency charged with enforcing the nation's immigration law. Regulating immigration can be viewed as having two basic components: stemming illegal immigration (enforcement) and facilitating legal immigration (service). The Administration is moving forward to restructure the agency internally by separating the agency's enforcement and service functions, but maintains that the immigration function must be managed by a single executive who can integrate immigration policy, standards, and operations. There is no statutory requirement that the Administration gain Congress's formal approval of its plan to restructure INS. Congress, however, could choose to mandate legislatively that INS be dismantled or restructured differently. On March 22, 2000, the House Judiciary's Immigration and Claims Subcommittee approved a bill to dismantle INS and establish a bureau of immigration services and a bureau of immigration enforcement within the Department of Justice (H.R. 3918). This bill is scheduled for full committee markup on June 21, 2000. Last year, the Senate Judiciary's Immigration Subcommittee held a hearing on another INS restructuring proposal (S. 1563), but so far this session the Senate has not addressed this issue. (For further analysis, see CRS Report RL30257 , Proposals to Restructure the Immigration and Naturalization Service.) [read report]

Topics: Population, Risk & Reform, Federal Agencies

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