Air
    Records 41 to 50 of 149
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go directly to report, HTML _ RS20177 - Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress
2-Nov-2000; John W. Fischer; 3 p.
Abstract: Congress concluded its debate on the airport and airway trust fund (aviation trust fund) by modifying its treatment in the budget. The Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR21 or FAIR21)(P.L. 106-181) contains a so called ¨guarantee¨ that uses House an.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Air
938 
go directly to report, HTML _ RL30131 - Highway Fund Sanctions and Conformity Under the Clean Air Act
15-Oct-1998; James E. McCarthy; 5 p.
Abstract: This report discusses two Clean Air Act provisions that can result in denial of federal highway funding to local areas: sanctions and the lapse of what is called ¨conformity.¨ Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is required to impose highway fu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Air, Economics & Trade
933 
go directly to report, HTML _ IB86031 - Acid Rain, Air Pollution and Forest Decline
12-Oct-1990; Adela Backiel; 8 p.
Abstract: Certain tree species in several areas of the United States are showing evidence of a decline in productivity, many from unknown causes. Acid rain and other air pollutants are seen as possible causes, or contributing factors, in these declines. The primary pollutants under investigation are sulfur di.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Air
779 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21608 - Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance
11-Oct-2005; Larry Parker; 6 p.
Update: December 5, 2005

Previous Reports:

/NLE/CRSreports/04jan/RS21608.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) final rule on clarifying the definition of routine maintenance under its New Source Review (NSR) process exempts industrial facilities from undergoing NSR if they are replacing safety, reliability, and efficiency rated components with new, functionally equiv.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air

1509 
go directly to report, HTML _ 94-785 - Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentives and The EPA Renewable Oxygenate Requirement
7-Oct-1994; Salvatore Lazzari; 20 p.
Abstract: The Federal tax code contains five tax incentives that benefit alcohol fuels: the 5.4¢ excise tax exemption, the 54¢ per gallon blender's tax credits, the 10¢ per gallon small ethanol producers' credit, the income tax deduction for alcohol- fueled vehicles, and the alternative fuels production tax c.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Air, Energy
909 
go directly to report, HTML _ 96-766 - A Clean Air Option: Cash for Clunkers
16-Sep-1996; David Bearden; 6 p.
Abstract: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 encourage states to pursue market-based approaches to improve air quality.1 An Accelerated Vehicle Retirement (AVR) program, commonly referred to as Cash for clunkers, is designed to provide an economic incentive for the owners of highly polluting vehicles to ret.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Pollution
651 
go directly to report, HTML _ RL30298 - Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards
2-Sep-1999; David M. Bearden; 21 p.
Abstract: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (Pi. 101-549) established ¨Tier I¨ emission standards for new motor vehicles, which became effective in model year (MY) 1994. On May 13, 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed more stringent ¨Tier 2¨ vehicle emission standard.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air
607 
go directly to report, HTML _ 93-745 - Air Quality: Impacts of Trip Reduction Programs on States and Affected Employers
18-Aug-1993; Maura Flechtner Susan Mayer; 19 p.
Abstract: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 recognized that emissions from automobiles are significant contributors to air quality problems in urban areas. In addition to emitting carbon monoxide, autos emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) which react in sunlight to form groun.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air
14 
go directly to report, HTML _ 98-563 - Air Quality and Emissions Trading: An Overview of Current Issues
16-Aug-1999; David Bearden; 6 p.
Abstract: Emissions trading is a market-based alternative to conventional regulation, in which sources facing high costs to control pollution have the flexibility to meet their emission lirnits by purchasing excess reductions from other sources that can afford to lower their emissions further than federal or .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air
658 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31326 - Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation
1-Aug-2002; Larry Parker and John Blodgett; 13 p.
Update: October 22, 2002

Previous release:
NLE/CRSreports/RL31326.pdf

.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: With the prospect of new layers of complexity being added to air pollution controls and with electricity restructuring putting a premium on economic efficiency, interest is being expressed in finding mechanisms to achieve health and environmental goals in simpler, more cost-effective ways. The elect.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Energy

1402 
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