Biodiversity
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33938 - Recent Honey Bee Colony Declines
28-May-2008; Renée Johnson; 19 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 14, 2007
June 20, 2007
(/NLE/CRSreports/07Jun/RL33938.pdf)
March 31, 2007
Update:
In 2006, commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast of the United States began reporting sharp declines in their honey bee colonies. Because of the sev.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In 2006, commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast of the United States began reporting sharp declines in their honey bee colonies. Because of the severity and unusual circumstances of these colony declines, scientists have named this phenomenon Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). Current .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Information
1843 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22597 - Global Climate Change and Wildlife
15-May-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh, M. Lynne Corn, Jane A. Leggett, and Peter Folger; 6 p.
Abstract: Recently projected climate changes could have widespread effects on wildlife species. These effects may include extinctions, changes in species’ ranges, mismatches in their phenologies (timing of pollination, flowering, etc.), and population declines. Other species could flourish in response to proj.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, International, Information
1824 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34453 - Endangered Species Act and Legal Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead
16-Jul-2008; Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander and Eugene H. Buck; 19 p.
Abstract: The construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) have reduced salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. In 1991 the Snake River sockeye became the first Pacific salmon stock listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since then, operations of the FCRPS ha.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Biodiversity
2090 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22906 - Use of the Polar Bear Listing to Force Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Legal Arguments
28-Aug-2008; Robert Meltz; 6 p.
Update: Previous Reports:
August 28, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On May 15, 2008, the Fish and Wildlife Service listed the polar bear as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). At the same time, it published a “special rule” limiting the application of ESA prohibitions to activities affecting the bear. The listing and special rule attracte.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Biodiversity, Government
2084 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32992 - The Endangered Species Act and “Sound Science”
7-Aug-2008; Eugene H. Buck, M. Lynne Corn, Pamela Baldwin, and Kristina Alexander; 29 p.
Update: Previous releases:
September 27, 2007
January 8, 2007
October 5, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The adequacy of the science supporting implementation of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is receiving increased congressional attention. While some critics accuse agencies responsible for implementing the ESA of using “junk science,” others counter that decisions that should rest on science are .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Biodiversity, Science & Technology
1748 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32751 - The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues
5-Feb-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh and M. Lynne Corn; 17 p.
Update: Previous Releases
February 1, 2005
May 19,2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been ratified by 167 nations, including the United States. It regulates the international trade in animals and plants that may be threatened by trade. CITES entered into force in 1975 and currently regula.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Biodiversity
222 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33411 - Ecosystem Restoration in the Great Lakes: The Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Strategy
30-Jan-2008; Pervaze Sheikh; 9 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 04, 2007
July 28, 2006
May 08, 2006 (/NLE/CRSreports/06jun/RL33411.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Great Lakes are recognized by many as an international natural resource that has been significantly altered over the past two centuries by human development. Problems in the Great Lakes include poor water quality, degraded fish and wildlife habitat, contaminated sediments, and non-native invasiv.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, International, Water
1636 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31654 - The Endangered Species Act: A Primer
2-Aug-2007; Eugene H. Buck, M. Lynne Corn and Kristina Alexander; 29 p.
Update: September 27, 2006

Previous Releases:
/nle/crsreports/06may/RL31654.pdf
/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL31654.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) protects species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction and attempts to protect the habitat on which they depend. It is administered primarily by the Fish and Wildlife Service and also by the National Marine Fisheries Service for certain marine and.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Legislative

244 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22414 - The Columbia River Basin’s Fish Passage Center
23-Feb-2007; Nic Lane; 5 p.
Update: February 23, 2007
Previous Releases:

June 20, 2006

April 3, 2006

.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Fish Passage Center (FPC) provides technical assistance and information to fish and wildlife agencies and tribes on the passage of juvenile and adult salmon and steelhead through the mainstem Columbia River. It is an element of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council’s fish and wildlife .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Water

1629 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22603 - Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program: Status and Current Issues
9-Feb-2007; Megan Stubbs and Jeffrey Zinn; 6 p.
Abstract: The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) is a voluntary program that provides technical and financial assistance to eligible participants to improve and develop wildlife habitat and enhance wildlife populations. Participants enter into contracts, usually 5 to 10 years in duration, with the U.S.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Information, Natural Resources
1821 
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