Economics & Trade
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go directly to report, PDF _ RS22905 - Agricultural Export Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill
26-Jun-2008; Charles E. Hanrahan; 5 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 26, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Agricultural exports, which are forecast by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to reach $108.5 billion in 2009, are an important source of employment, income, and purchasing power in the U.S. economy. Programs that deal with U.S. agricultural exports are a major focus of Title III, the trade titl.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Economics & Trade, Legislative
2138 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22187 - Brazil’s WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program: A Brief Overview
17-Jun-2008; Randy Schnepf; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 17, 2008
January 25, 2008
September 8, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On June 2, 2008, a World Trade Organization (WTO) Appellate Body (AB) publicly released its final report upholding a December 2007 compliance panel ruling that the United States has not fully complied with a March 2005 WTO ruling against certain U.S. cotton support programs. This AB ruling was pa.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Economics & Trade, International
1740 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21709 - Mad Cow Disease and U.S. Beef Trade
4-Jun-2008; Charles E. Hanrahan and Geoffrey S. Becker; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 4, 2008
January 29, 2008
December 6, 2006
March 3, 2005
June 3, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 110th Congress has been monitoring U.S. efforts to regain foreign markets that banned U.S. beef when a Canadian-born cow in Washington state tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in December 2003. The four major U.S. beef export markets, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Korea, .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Economics & Trade, International
266 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33226 - Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data FY1989 to FY2007
14-Aug-2008; Justin Murray and Bruce R. Lindsay; 17 p.
Update: Previous releases:
March 8, 2007
July 10, 2006

.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. More recently, Hurricane Katrina made landfall on the Gulf Coast of the United States on August 29, 2005, as a Category 3 hurricane after passing over South Florida as a Cat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, Government, General

1706 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34502 - Emission Allowance Allocation in a Cap-and-Trade Program: Options and Considerations
2-Jun-2008; Jonathan L. Ramseur; 33 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 2, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: When designing a cap-and-trade program, one of the more controversial and challenging questions for policymakers is how, to whom, and for what purpose to distribute the emission allowances. Regarding the method of distribution to covered sources, policymakers could (1) sell the allowances through.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade
2116 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22262 - “Price Gouging,” the Antitrust Laws, and Vertical Integration: How They Are Related
28-May-2008; Janice E. Rubin; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
March 15, 2007
August 1, 2006
May 8, 2006 (/NLE/CRSreports/06jun/RS22262.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The antitrust laws and statutes to prohibit “price gouging” each aim to serve the same end — realization of lower or reasonable prices for consumers, but they do so from different perspectives. The theoretical underpinning of antitrust law is the belief that vigorous and unfettered marketplace compe.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Economics & Trade, Government
1655 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32165 - China’s Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy
22-May-2008; Wayne M. Morrison and Marc Labonte; 55 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 15, 2007
June 28, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The continued rise in China’s trade surplus with the United States and the world, and complaints from U.S. manufacturing firms and workers over the competitive challenges posed by Chinese imports have led several Members to call for a more aggressive U.S. stance against certain Chinese trade policie.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International
1862 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21625 - China’s Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues
8-May-2008; Wayne M. Morrison and Marc Labonte; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 9, 2008
July 11, 2007.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Many Members of Congress charge that China’s policy of accumulating foreign reserves (especially U.S. dollars) to influence the value of its currency constitutes a form of currency manipulation intended to make its exports cheaper and imports into China more expensive than they would be under free m.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Information
1880 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32248 - Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future
3-Jun-2008; Robert Pirog; 29 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
March 23, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The petroleum refining industry provides products that are critical to the functioning of the economy. Virtually all transportation, land, sea, and air, is fueled by products that are refined from crude oil. Industrial, residential, and commercial activities, as well as electricity generation, us.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade
1833 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33799 - Climate Change: Design Approaches for a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program
2-Jun-2008; Larry Parker; 27 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 16, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: With the passage of the 2005 Sense of the Senate climate change resolution calling on the Congress to enact a mandatory, market-based program to slow, stop, and reverse the growth of greenhouse gases, the issue of related costs has taken on increased importance. Indeed, the resolution itself stat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Energy, Economics & Trade
1795 
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