Economics & Trade
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL34091 - Globalization, Worker Insecurity, and Policy Approaches
31-Jul-2008; Raymond J. Ahearn; 18 p.
Abstract: Today’s global economy, or what many call globalization, has a growing impact on the economic futures of American companies, workers, and families. Increasing integration with the world economy makes the U.S. and other economies more productive. For most Americans, this has translated into absolute .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Economics & Trade
2087 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34103 - Sugar Policy and the 2007 Farm Bill
12-Sep-2008; Remy Jurenas; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 15, 2008.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Congress will decide on the future of the U.S. sugar program in an omnibus farm bill in 2008. Growers of sugar beets and sugarcane, and processors of these crops, favor continuing the structure of the current sugar price support program but seek changes to enhance their position in the U.S. marke.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, Agriculture
2038 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22923 - Department of Defense Fuel Costs in Iraq
23-Jul-2008; Anthony Andrews and Moshe Schwartz; 6 p.
Abstract: Since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the average price of fuels purchased for military operations in Iraq has steadily increased. The disparity between the higher price of fuel supplied to the United States Central Command compared to Iraq’s civilian population has been a point of contention. Seve.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, Government
2106 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22918 - Primer on Energy Derivatives and Their Regulation
15-Jul-2008; Mark Jickling; 6 p.
Abstract: Prices for oil and other energy commodities are set in futures and derivatives markets, where producers, commercial users, and financial speculators buy and sell contracts whose value is linked to the price of the underlying commodity. Trading occurs on regulated futures exchanges and in a largel.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade
2105 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22912 - The Enron Loophole
7-Jul-2008; Mark Jickling; 6 p.
Abstract: The Commodity Exchange Act exempts certain energy derivatives contracts from regulation by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). These exemptions are popularly known as the “Enron loophole.” Soaring energy prices have raised concerns about whether the CFTC has enough information about .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade
2104 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21401 - Regulation of Energy Derivatives
7-Jul-2008; Mark Jickling; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
April 9, 2008
October 22, 2007
June 19, 2006
April 21, 2006

NLE/CRSreports/02feb/RS21401.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: After the collapse of Enron Corp. in late 2001, that company’s activities came under intense scrutiny. Much of its business consisted of trading financial contracts whose value was derived from changes in energy prices. Enron’s derivatives trading was largely “over-the-counter” (OTC) and unregula.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade
186 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34594 - Farm Commodity Programs in the 2008 Farm Bill
30-Sep-2008; Jim Monke; 32 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
September 20, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Farm commodity price and income support provisions in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246, the 2008 farm bill) include three primary types of payments:

2074 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33526 - Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness
20-Aug-2008; Wendy H. Schacht; 22 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
April 27, 2007
August 3, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, univer.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Economics & Trade
1716 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34620 - Comparing Global Influence: China's and the U.S. Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Trade, and Investment in a Developing World
15-Aug-2008; Thomas Lum, Christopher M. Blanchard, Nicolas Cook, Kerry Dumbaugh, Susan B. Epstein, Shirley A. Kan, Michael F. Martin, Wayne M. Morrison, Dick K. Nanto, Jim Nichol, Jeremy M. Sharp, Mark P. Sullivan, Bruce Vaughn, Thomas Coipuram Jr.; 175 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report compares the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) and U.S. projections of global influence, with an emphasis on non-coercive means or “soft power,” and suggests ways to think about U.S. foreign policy options in light of China’s emergence. Part One discusses U.S. foreign policy interest.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, International Finance
2078 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34555 - Speculation and Energy Prices: Legislative Responses
6-Aug-2008; Mark Jickling, Lynn J. Cunningham; 38 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 6, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: While most observers recognize that the fundamentals of supply and demand have contributed to record energy prices in 2008, many also believe that the price of oil and other commodities includes a “speculative premium.” In other words, speculators who seek to profit by forecasting price trends ar.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative, Economics & Trade
2070 
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