General Interest
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL34162 - Renewable Energy: Background and Issues for the 110th Congress
5-Oct-2007; Fred Sissine; 37 p.
Abstract: Renewable energy can be used to produce liquid fuels and electricity. A variety of funding, tax incentives, and regulatory policies have been enacted to support renewables as a means for addressing concerns about energy security, air pollution, international competitiveness, and climate chang.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Information, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34116 - Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (RPS): Background and Debate Over a National Requirement
6-Sep-2007; Fred Sissine; 15 p.
Abstract: Under a renewable energy portfolio standard (RPS), retail electricity suppliers (electric utilities) must provide a minimum amount of electricity from renewable energy resources or purchase tradable credits that represent an equivalent amount of renewable energy production. The minimum requiremen.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Government, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34133 - Liquid Fuels from Coal, Natural Gas, and Biomass: Background and Policy
15-Aug-2007; Anthony Andrews; 28 p.
Update: August 15, 2007
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Abstract: As the price of gasoline approaches the 1981 record high (adjusted for inflation), liquid transportation fuels synthesized from coal, natural gas, and biomass are proposed as one solution to reducing dependency on imported petroleum and strained refinery capacity. The technology to do so develope.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22533 - Restructuring EPA’s Libraries: Background and Issues for Congress
15-Jun-2007; David M. Bearden and Robert Esworthy; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 3, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Near the end of the 109th Congress, some Members raised questions about the closing of several libraries administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), expressing concerns about the continued availability of the agency’s collections. Library professional associations and public interest .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, General Interest, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34019 - Eliminating the Planting Restrictions on Fruits and Vegetables in the Farm Commodity Programs
25-May-2007; Rene?e Johnson and Jim Monke; 18 p.
Abstract: Owners of cropland with a history of growing “program crops” receive federal subsidy payments without regard to what crops are currently being produced on these base acres. In other words, these “direct payments” are decoupled from crop planting decisions. While the direct payments program i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Economics & Trade, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22040 - Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP): Status and Issues
9-May-2007; Carol Canada and Jeffrey Zinn; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 15, 2006
May 19, 2005 (/nle/crsreports/05Feb/RS22040.pdf)
February 3, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) provides farmers with financial and technical assistance to plan and implement soil and water conservation practices. EQIP was enacted in 1996 and amended by Section 2301 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-171). .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Legislative, Natural Resources
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22571 - The Strategic Energy Efficiency and Renewables Reserve in the CLEAN Energy Act of 2007 (H.R. 6)
4-Apr-2007; Fred Sissine; 4 p.
Abstract: H.R. 6 would use revenue from certain oil and natural gas policy revisions to create an Energy Efficiency and Renewables Reserve. The actual uses of the Reserve would be determined by ensuing legislation. A variety of tax, spending, or regulatory bills could draw funding from the Reserve to support .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, General Interest, Legislative
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22523 - Federal R&D Funding Under a Continuing Resolution
13-Mar-2007; Michael E. Davey; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
December 14, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On February 15, 2007 President Bush signed into law P.L. 110-5 (H.J.Res 20), which provides funding for the nine outstanding regular appropriations bills through September 30, 2007.The 109th Congress passed two appropriations bills, the Department of Defense (P.L. 109-289, H.Rept. 109-676) and the D.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, General Interest, Federal Agencies
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22576 - Pandemic Influenza: Appropriations for Public Health Preparedness and Response
23-Mar-2007; Sarah A. Lister; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The spread of H5N1 avian influenza (“flu”) on three continents, and the human deaths it has caused, raise concern that the virus could morph and cause a global human pandemic. Congress has provided specific funding for pandemic flu preparedness since FY2004, including $6.1 billion in emergency suppl.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General Interest, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22285 - Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response
15-Dec-2006; Claudia Copeland; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
August 1, 2006
May 24, 2006
March 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Throughout the Gulf Coast region, high winds and water from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 damaged a wide range of public service facilities, including drinking water supply and treatment and sewage treatment plants. Restoring those facilities is part of the overall cleanup and restoration proc.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Water, General Interest
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