General Interest
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL30930 - U.S. National Science Foundation: Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCor
7-Aug-2008; Christine M. Matthews; 16 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) was authorized by Congress in 1978, partly in response to concerns in Congress and the concerns of some in academia and the scientific community about the geographic distribution of federa.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Federal Agencies, Legislative
2063 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34572 - Phthalates in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects
28-Jul-2008; Linda-Jo Schierow, Margaret Mikyung Lee; 24 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
July 28, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Roughly a dozen chemicals known as phthalates are used to make the plastics found in thousands of consumer products, ranging from medical tubing to automotive dashboards to bath toys. These phthalates are not tightly held by the plastics and are released into the environment over time. Congress i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Risk & Reform, Waste Management
2072 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22268 - Repairing and Reconstructing Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges: The Role of Federal-Aid Highway Assistance
31-Mar-2008; Robert S. Kirk; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Most of the major highways and bridges damaged during the 2005 Gulf of Mexico Hurricanes as well as the I-35W bridge in Minneapolis, MN, which collapsed suddenly on August 1, 2007, are part of the federal-aid highway system and are therefore eligible for assistance under the Emergency Relief Prog.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Climate Change, Transportation
2057 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33434 - Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Issues and Legislative Options
21-Mar-2008; Jeffrey J. Kuenzi; 34 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
August 16, 2006


/NLE/CRSreports/06jul/RL33434.pdf
July, 26, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: There is growing concern that the United States is not preparing a sufficient number of students, teachers, and practitioners in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). A large majority of secondary school students fail to reach proficiency in math and science, and .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Legislative, General Interest

1666 
go directly to report _ RL32683 - The Emergency Planning and and Community: Right to Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary
19-Mar-2008; Linda-Jo Schierow; 9 p.
Abstract: This report summarizes the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to- Know Act (EPCRA) and the major regulatory programs that mandate reporting by industrial facilities of releases of hazardous chemicals to the environment, as well as local planning to respond in the event of significant, acciden.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Government, Risk & Reform
2053 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34060 - Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill
6-May-2008; Tadlock Cowan and Renee Johnson; 44 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 27, 2007
July 16, 2007
(/NLE/CRSreports/07Jul/RL34060.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Conservation is playing a prominent role in the development of a farm bill by the 110th Congress. Major conservation topics include determining the priorities for the conservation effort; deciding whether any existing programs or activities should be modified or eliminated; deciding whether new p.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Legislative
1886 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34147 - Managing Electronic Waste: An Analysis of State E-Waste Legislation
6-Feb-2008; Linda Luther; 25 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
September 10, 2007.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established regulations regarding the disposal of hazardous wastes. Although there are federal requirements under RCRA for the management of hazardous waste, some states have opted to.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Government, General Interest
1906 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33152 - The National Environmental Policy Act: Background and Implementation
29-Feb-2008; Linda Luther; 39 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 7, 2008
March 27, 2006
November 16, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Beginning in the late 1950s and through the 1960s, Congress reacted to increasing public concern about the impact that human activity could have on the environment. A key legislative option to address this concern was the declaration of a national environmental policy. Advocates of this approach .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Government, Legislative, General Interest
1554 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33280 - Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review of Fluoridation and Regulation Issues
; Mary Tiemann; 23 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 23, 2006
/NLE/CRSreports/06Mar/RL33280.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 67% of the 246 million people in the United States who receive their water from a public water system received fluoridated water in 2000. One of the CDC’s national health goals is to increase the proportion of the U.S. population .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, General Interest
1581 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33627 - NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance
23-Oct-2007; Paul Gallis; 27 p.
Abstract: The mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Afghanistan is seen as a test of the alliance’s political will and military capabilities. The allies are seeking to create a “new” NATO, able to go beyond the European theater and combat new threats such as terrorism and the prol.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, General Interest
1926 
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