General Interest
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33485 - U.S. International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and U.S. International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Spending: FY2004-FY2007
28-Dec-2006; Tiaji Salaam-Blyther; 14 p.
Abstract: On January 28, 2003, during his State of the Union Address, President George Bush proposed that the United States spend $15 billion over five years to combat HIV/AIDS through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The President proposed that most of the spending on PEPFAR progra.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Federal Agencies, Population
1780 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33695 - The National Institutes of Health (NIH): Organization, Funding, and Congressional Issues
19-Dec-2006; Pamela W. Smith; 44 p.
Abstract: The National Institutes of Health is the focal point for federal health research. An agency of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), it uses its $28.5 billion budget to support more than 200,000 scientists and research personnel working at over 3,100 institutions across the U.S. and abr.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Information, Government
1764 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33730 - Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act
16-Nov-2006; Carol Hardy Vincent; 15 p.
Update: Previous releases:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act (REA in P.L. 108-447) established a new recreation fee program for five federal agencies — the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), National Park Service (NPS), Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in the Department of the .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Public Lands, Legislative, General Interest
1771 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33722 - Food Safety: Federal and State Response to the Spinach E. coli Outbreak
13-Nov-2006; Donna V. Porter and Sarah A. Lister; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In September 2006, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began receiving reports on clusters of patients in various states confirmed to have E. coli infections. By early October, 199 people in 26 states had become ill — 102 had been hospitali.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Information, General Interest
1772 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33589 - The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals
10-Oct-2006; Sarah A. Lister; 37 p.
Abstract: Authorities to direct federal preparedness for and response to public health emergencies are found principally in the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act). Two recent laws provided the core of these authorities: P.L. 106-505, the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (Title I of the Publi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, General Interest, Information
1755 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33088 - Tax Policy Options After Hurricane Katrina
23-Oct-2006; Jane G. Gravelle; 19 p.
Update: Previous releases:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The damage from Hurricane Katrina raised at least four issues that might be addressed by tax policy.

The first issue was that the effect of the disaster, particularly given the potential impact on energy prices, might contract the overall economy, suggesting some need for a fiscal stimulus. The .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Information, General Interest, Government

1749 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21499 - Indian Gaming Regulatory Act: Gaming on Newly Acquired Lands
12-Sep-2006; M. Maureen Murphy; 6 p.
Update: September 12, 2006 Previous Releases:
/NLE/CRSreports/06Jul/RS21499.pdf .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) (P.L. 100-497) generally prohibits gaming on lands acquired for Indians in trust by the Secretary of the Interior (SOI) after the date of enactment of IGRA, October 17, 1988. The exceptions, however, may be significant because they raise the possibility of .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Forests, General Interest
1687 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21227 - The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview
18-Aug-2006; Keith Bea; 6 p.
Abstract: The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) is an agreement among member states to provide assistance after disasters overwhelm a state’s capacity to manage consequences. The compact, initiated by the states and coordinated by the National Emergency Management Association, provides a structu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, General Interest, Information
1727 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22496 - Energy Prices and Tourism: Some Preliminary Observations
17-Aug-2006; Bernard A. Gelb; 6 p.
Abstract: Energy prices faced by consumers have risen steeply in the last few years, and it is likely that spending on energy substituted at least to some extent for spending on other goods and services. It is widely believed that increases in energy prices, particularly gasoline, negatively affect tourism. T.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, General Interest, Transportation
1723 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32812 - The Budget for Fiscal Year 2006
25-Jul-2006; Philip D. Winters; 30 p.
Update: August 30, 2006

THE CURRENT SITUATION:
The Administration (through the Office of Management and Budget — OMB) released updated budget estimates for fiscal years 2006 through 2011 in its Mid- Session Review (MSR) on July 11, 2006. Higher than expected receipts in FY2006 have reduced th.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Much higher than expected receipts reduced the estimated deficits for fiscal year (FY) 2006 in both the Administration’s Mid-Session Review (July 2006; $296 billion) and in the Congressional Budget Office’s (CBO) The Budget and Economic Outlook: An Update (August 2006; $260 billion). These were o.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Government, General Interest

1604 
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