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go directly to report, PDF _ RL34260 - Climate Change: Issues Underlying Negotiations at the Bali Conference of Parties
26-Nov-2007; Susan R. Fletcher, Larry Parker and Jane A. Leggett; 13 p.
Abstract: As climate change has gained widespread attention as a critical issue facing the nations of the world, the negotiations to be held in Bali, Indonesia, December 3-14, 2007, are widely regarded as a critical next step in continuing to chart an international course to mitigate global warming and.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, International, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32764 - Climate Change Litigation: A Growing Phenomenon
26-Dec-2007; Robert Meltz; 36 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 18, 2007
June 2, 2006
April 03, 2006 (/NLE/CRSreports/06Apr/RL32764.pdf) [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The scientific, economic, and political questions surrounding climate change have long been with us. This report focuses instead on a relative newcomer: the legal debate. Though the first court decisions related to climate change appeared over a decade ago, such litigation has proliferated in recent.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Legislative, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32922 - Meat and Poultry Inspection: Background and Selected Issues
7-Feb-2008; Geoffrey S. Becker; 27 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 6, 2006
July 15, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) must inspect most meat, poultry, and processed egg products for safety, wholesomeness, and labeling. Federal inspectors or their state counterparts are present at all times in virtually all slaughter plant.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33875 - Electric Transmission: Approaches for Energizing a Sagging Industry
3-Oct-2007; Amy Abel; 28 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 27, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The electric utility industry is inherently capital-intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The transmission system was developed to fit the regulatory framework established in the 1.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22614 - The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): FY2008 Budget and Congressional Appropriations
30-Oct-2007; Wayne A. Morrissey; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 31, 2007
April 10, 2007

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Department of Commerce is funded through revised continuing resolution (P.L. 110-5) for FY2007. For FY2008, President Bush requested $3.81 billion in disc.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Department of Commerce is funded through revised continuing resolution (P.L. 110-5) for FY2007. For FY2008, President Bush requested $3.81 billion in discretionary appropriations for NOAA. The Senate passed H.R. 3093, Commerce,.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Science & Technology, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34218 - Underground Carbon Dioxide Storage: Frequently Asked Questions
24-Oct-2007; Peter Folger; 13 p.
Abstract: This report answers frequently asked questions about the geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). The questions are broadly representative of typical inquiries regarding the process and mechanics of storing CO2 underground, how much might be stored, and what might happen to CO2 once it is in.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Pollution, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30608 - EU-U.S. Economic Ties: Framework, Scope, and Magnitude
17-Oct-2007; William H. Cooper ; 12 p.
Abstract: The United States and the European Union (EU) economic relationship is the largest in the world — and it is growing. The modern U.S.-European economic relationship has evolved since World War II, broadening as the six-member European Community expanded into the present 27-member European Uni.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Economics & Trade, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31870 - The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)
10-Oct-2007; J. F. Hornbeck ; 39 p.
Abstract: The United States Trade Representative (USTR) and trade ministers from Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic signed the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) on August 5, 2004. Nearly one year later, it f.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34162 - Renewable Energy: Background and Issues for the 110th Congress
5-Oct-2007; Fred Sissine; 37 p.
Abstract: Renewable energy can be used to produce liquid fuels and electricity. A variety of funding, tax incentives, and regulatory policies have been enacted to support renewables as a means for addressing concerns about energy security, air pollution, international competitiveness, and climate chang.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Information, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34192 - PEPFAR: From Emergency to Sustainability
28-Sep-2007; Tiaji Salaam-Blyther ; 24 p.
Abstract: The Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates that HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria kill more than 6 million people each year. At the end of 2006, about 39.5 million people were living with HIV/AIDS, 2.3 million (6%) of whom were children under 15 years. Nearly 90% o.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Population, Information
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