International
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41049 - Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020
10-Sep-2010; Larry Parker; 23 p.
Abstract: The European Union’s (EU) Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU’s efforts to meet its obligation under the Kyoto Protocol. It covers more than 10,000 energy intensive facilities across the 27 EU Member countries; covered entities emit about 45% of the EU’s carbon dioxide emiss.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, International
2315 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40001 - A U.S.-centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations
14-Apr-2010; Jane A. Leggett; 14 p.
Abstract: Under the 2007 “Bali Action Plan,” countries around the globe sought to reach a “Copenhagen agreement” in December 2009 on effective, feasible, and fair actions beyond 2012 to address risks of climate change driven by human-related emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). The Copenhagen conference wa.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, International
2288 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31286 - Debt-for-Nature Initiatives and the Tropical Forest Conservation Act: Status and Implementation
30-Mar-2010; Pervaze A. Sheikh; 22 p.
Update: Previous releases:
October 22, 2007
October 11, 2006
September 29, 2004
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In the late 1980s, extensive foreign debt and degraded natural resources in developing nations led to the creation of debt-for-nature initiatives that reduced debt obligations, allowed for debt repayments in local currency as opposed to hard currency, and generated funds for the environment. Thes.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Natural Resources, International
1747 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34234 - Managing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Policy Implications of Expanding Global Access to Nuclear Power
5-Mar-2010; Mary Beth Nikitin, Anthony Andrews and Mark Holt; 45 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 1, 2009
September 3, 2008
March 7, 2008
January 30, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: After several decades of widespread stagnation, nuclear power is attracting renewed interest. New license applications for 30 reactors have been announced in the United States, and another 160 are under construction or planned globally. In the United States, interest appears driven, in part, by t.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Risk & Reform, International
1941 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21157 - International Species Conservation Funds
5-Mar-2010; Pervaze A. Sheikh and M. Lynne Corn; 7 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
March 6, 2007
October 10, 2006
June 1, 2006
February 22, 2006
March 15, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: International species conservation is addressed by several funds, including those under the Multinational Species Conservation Fund and the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Fund. These funds are implemented by relatively small programs within the Fish and Wildlife Service, yet generate eno.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, International, Legislative
263 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20840 - Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support
16-Jun-2010; Randy Schnepf; 11 p.
Update: Previous releases:
March 13, 2001
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Most of the provisions of the current farm bill, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246), do not expire until 2012. However, hearings on the 2012 farm bill have already begun. Congress is in the process of reviewing farm income and commodity price support proposals that migh.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, International, Economics & Trade
449 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41287 - China and the United States—A Comparison of Green Energy Programs and Policies
14-Jun-2010; Richard J. Campbell; 24 p.
Abstract: China is the world’s most populous country with over 1.3 billion people. It has experienced tremendous economic growth over the last three decades with an annual average increase in gross domestic product of 9.8% during that period. This has led to an increasing demand for energy, spurring China .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, International
2284 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21556 - Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute
8-Apr-2010; Charles E. Hanrahan; 11 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 2, 2006
March 10, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a dispute with the European Union concerning the EU’s de facto moratorium on biotechnology product approvals, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (G.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Agriculture
174 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40914 - Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications
12-Apr-2010; Larry Parker, Jeanne J. Grimmett; 71 p.
Abstract: The United States has proposed, and the European Union (EU) developed, policies to mitigate the potential economic and environmental (i.e., “carbon leakage”) impacts of carbon policies on energy- or greenhouse gas-intensive, trade-exposed industries. While studies have found little effect of carb.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Climate Change
2268 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41165 - Global Environment Facility (GEF): An Overview
17-May-2010; Richard Lattanzio; 27 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 7, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is an independent and international financial mechanism (i.e., a grant and lending institution) that promotes cooperation and fosters actions to protect the global environment. Established in 1991, it unites 180 member governments and partners with internatio.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International
2260 
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