International
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL32165 - China’s Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy
22-May-2008; Wayne M. Morrison and Marc Labonte; 55 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 15, 2007
June 28, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The continued rise in China’s trade surplus with the United States and the world, and complaints from U.S. manufacturing firms and workers over the competitive challenges posed by Chinese imports have led several Members to call for a more aggressive U.S. stance against certain Chinese trade policie.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International
1862 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22597 - Global Climate Change and Wildlife
15-May-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh, M. Lynne Corn, Jane A. Leggett, and Peter Folger; 6 p.
Abstract: Recently projected climate changes could have widespread effects on wildlife species. These effects may include extinctions, changes in species’ ranges, mismatches in their phenologies (timing of pollination, flowering, etc.), and population declines. Other species could flourish in response to proj.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, International, Information
1824 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32466 - Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy
13-May-2008; Emma Chanlett-Avery; 27 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
January 20, 2006
May 25, 2006

/NLE/CRSreports/05Feb/RL32466.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/04Jul/RL32466.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Asia has become a principal driver in world energy markets, largely due to China’s remarkable growth in demand. As the gap between consumption and production levels in Asia expands, the region’s economic powers appear to be increasingly anxious about their energy security, concerned that tigh.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, International
154 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21625 - China’s Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues
8-May-2008; Wayne M. Morrison and Marc Labonte; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 9, 2008
July 11, 2007.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Many Members of Congress charge that China’s policy of accumulating foreign reserves (especially U.S. dollars) to influence the value of its currency constitutes a form of currency manipulation intended to make its exports cheaper and imports into China more expensive than they would be under free m.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Information
1880 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34478 - Rising Food Prices and Global Food Needs: The U.S. Response
8-May-2008; Charles E. Hanrahan; 22 p.
Abstract: Rising food prices are having impacts across the world, but especially among poor people in low-income developing countries. Since 2000, a year of low food prices, wheat prices in international markets have more than tripled, corn prices have doubled, and rice prices rose to unprecedented levels in .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General, International
2123 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34091 - Globalization, Worker Insecurity, and Policy Approaches
31-Jul-2008; Raymond J. Ahearn; 18 p.
Abstract: Today’s global economy, or what many call globalization, has a growing impact on the economic futures of American companies, workers, and families. Increasing integration with the world economy makes the U.S. and other economies more productive. For most Americans, this has translated into absolute .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Economics & Trade
2087 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32450 - Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Current Issues
1-Jul-2008; Claudia Copeland; 30 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 2, 2008
February 6, 2008
June 14, 2007
October 6, 2006
May 16,2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The cruise industry is a significant and growing contributor to the U.S. economy, providing more than $32 billion in benefits annually and generating more than 330,000 U.S. jobs, but also making the environmental impacts of its activities an issue to many. Although cruise ships represent a small .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Water, International
153 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34634 - Climate Change and International Deforestation: Legislative Analysis
22-Aug-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh, Ross W. Gorte, Jessica Sidener; 10 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 22, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Deforestation accounts for nearly 20% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in the world. Deforestation results in carbon emissions when trees and underlying vegetation are burning or decomposing. Deforested areas that are later cultivated also release carbon to the atmosphere when soil carbo.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Forests, Legislative, International
2081 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34620 - Comparing Global Influence: China's and the U.S. Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Trade, and Investment in a Developing World
15-Aug-2008; Thomas Lum, Christopher M. Blanchard, Nicolas Cook, Kerry Dumbaugh, Susan B. Epstein, Shirley A. Kan, Michael F. Martin, Wayne M. Morrison, Dick K. Nanto, Jim Nichol, Jeremy M. Sharp, Mark P. Sullivan, Bruce Vaughn, Thomas Coipuram Jr.; 175 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report compares the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) and U.S. projections of global influence, with an emphasis on non-coercive means or “soft power,” and suggests ways to think about U.S. foreign policy options in light of China’s emergence. Part One discusses U.S. foreign policy interest.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, International Finance
2078 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34351 - Brazil's and Canada's WTO Cases Against U.S. Agricultural Support
1-Feb-2008; Randy Schnepf; 17 p.
Abstract: On December 17, 2007, the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) established a single panel to consider charges against U.S. farm programs brought in two separate but similar cases: DS357, brought by Canada, and DS365, brought by Brazil. Both cases make two charges again.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, International, Legislative
2043 
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