International
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go directly to report, PDF _ RS21168 - The Peace Corps: Current Issues
4-Feb-2008; Curt Tarnoff; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
October 19, 2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: As it prepares authorization and State/Foreign Operations appropriations legislation in 2008, Congress will consider the FY2009 level of funding for the Peace Corps and related issues. This report will be updated as events warrant..... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Federal Agencies
1456 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33548 - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments
28-May-2008; Jonathan Medalia; 50 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
March 4, 2008
November 30, 2007
January 18, 2007
July 10, 2006
August 28, 2006

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization held its 26th session June 20-23, 2006. On March 10.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: A comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty (CTBT) is the oldest item on the nuclear arms control agenda. Three treaties currently bar all but underground tests with a maximum force equal to 150,000 tons of TNT. The Natural Resources Defense Council states the United States conducted 1,030 nuclear tests.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Legislative, International

1685 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33536 - China-U.S. Trade Issues
12-May-2008; Wayne M. Morrison; 34 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 3, 2007 (/NLE/CRSreports/07May/RL33536.pdf)
April 23, 2007 (/NLE/CRSreports/07Apr/RL33536.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. Total U.S.-China trade, which totaled only $5 billion in 1980, rose to $387 billion in 2007. China overtook Japan to become the third largest U.S. export market, and overtook Canada to become the largest source of U.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International
1834 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32751 - The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues
5-Feb-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh and M. Lynne Corn; 17 p.
Update: Previous Releases
February 1, 2005
May 19,2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been ratified by 167 nations, including the United States. It regulates the international trade in animals and plants that may be threatened by trade. CITES entered into force in 1975 and currently regula.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, Biodiversity
222 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33720 - Imports of Canadian Waste
4-Feb-2008; James E. McCarthy; 10 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 8, 2007
March 16, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Private waste haulers and Canadian cities – including the city of Toronto – ship large quantities of waste to the United States. More than four million tons (as many as 400 truckloads a day) were shipped in 2005, according to the Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Three-quarters of this waste g.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, International, Information
1773 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33584 - AIDS in Africa
2-Feb-2008; Nicolas Cook; 30 p.
Update: Previous releases
November 24, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: AIDS than any other world region. In 2007, the United Nations reports, there were about 22.5 million HIV-positive persons in Africa, which has nearly 12% of the world’s population but about 68% of the global total of infected persons. The adult rate of infection in Africa in late 2005 was 6.1%, c.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Population, Information
1774 
go directly to report _ RL32014 - WTO Dispute Settlement: Status of US Compliance in Pending Cases
7-Jan-2008; Jeanne J. Grimmett; 59 p.
Abstract: Although the United States has complied with adverse rulings in many past World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes, there are currently eight cases in which rulings have not yet been implemented or the United States has taken action and the dispute has not been fully resolved. A WTO Member found to .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, International, Government
2036 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30699 - Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons and Missiles: The Current Situation and Trends
20-Feb-2008; Paul K Kerr; 31 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
August 10, 2001.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The United States has long recognized the dangers inherent in the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons, and missiles. This report, which analyzes NBC weapons programs potential threat patterns around the globe, is updated as needed.

The total number of nuclear, biological.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology, International

1463 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34134 - Agriculture in U.S. Free Trade Agreements: Trade with Current and Prospective Partners, Impact, and Issues
30-Jan-2008; Remy Jurenas; 54 p.
Abstract: Trade in agricultural products frequently is one of the more difficult issues negotiators face in concluding free trade agreements (FTAs). While U.S. negotiators seek to eliminate barriers to U.S. agricultural exports, they also face pressures to protect U.S. producers of import sensitive commoditi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Economics & Trade, International
1947 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33636 - The European Union's Energy Security Challenges
30-Jan-2008; Paul Belkin; 28 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 7, 2007
January 26, 2007
September 11, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Recent increases in energy prices and a steady escalation in global energy demand — expected to rise by nearly 60% over the next 20 years — have led U.S. policy-makers to engage in a wide ranging debate over how best to address the country’s future energy requirements. Similarly, energy security ha.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, International, Risk & Reform
1743 
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