Legislative
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL34548 - Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships
23-Dec-2009; James E. McCarthy; 21 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
February 24, 2009
August 9, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report provides information regarding pollution from ships and port facilities; discusses some of the measures being implemented and considered by local, state, and federal regulatory agencies; discusses the efforts to strengthen Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Air, Legislative
2134 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33263 - The Wetlands Coverage of the Clean Water Act is Revisited by the Supreme Court: Rapanos vs. United States
9-Jan-2009; Robert Meltz & Claudia Copeland; 21 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
November 28, 2007
September 12, 2006
/NLE/CRSreports/06Mar/RL33263.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Twice in the past, the Supreme Court has grappled with issues as to the geographic scope of the wetlands permitting program in the federal Clean Water Act (CWA). On June 19, 2006, the Supreme Court rendered a third decision, Rapanos v. United States, on appeal from two Sixth Circuit rulings conso.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Wetlands, Water, Legislative
1579 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31149 - Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
2-Oct-2008; James E. McCarthy; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
December 5, 2007
April 13, 2005
December 9, 2004
/NLE/CRSreports/04Jul/RL31149.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/RL31149.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The use of snowmobiles in national parks has been controversial because of the potential impacts on wildlife and the absence of standards for their emissions and noise. This report focuses on the emissions and noise issues. In November 2006, the National Park Service released a new draft of a final.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Public Lands, Legislative, General
126 
go directly to report _ R40670 - Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Critical Barriers and Congressional Policy
24-Jun-2009; Paul W. Parfomak, Fred Sissine, Eric A. Fischer; 25 p.
Abstract: Federal policymakers are debating a range of potential initiatives to limit U.S. emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). The American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R. 2454), for example, would set a target of reducing U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, including CO2 emissions, 17% below 2005 le.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative
2232 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40643 - Greenhouse Gas Legislation: Summary and Analysis of H.R. 2454 as Reported by the House Committee on Energy and Commerce
17-Jun-2009; Mark Holt, Gene Whitney; 115 p.
Abstract: H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, was introduced May 15, 2009, by Representatives Waxman and Markey, and was subsequently modified (both technical and substantive changes) and ordered reported by the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on May 21, 2009. The bill was.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Legislative, Energy
2231 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34497 - Advanced Research Projects Agency- Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress
29-Apr-2009; Deborah D. Stine; 34 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 12, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In August 2007, Congress authorized the establishment of the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) within the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69). Modeled on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), ARPA-E would support transfor.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative, Science & Technology
2069 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34513 - Climate Change: Current Issues and Policy Tools
6-Mar-2009; Jane A. Leggett; 32 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 3, 2008
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Abstract: On June 2, 2008, the Senate agreed to consider a bill (S. 3036) to control greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. This action is indicative of the pressures Members of Congress increasingly face on whether and how to address human-induced climate change. Contentious debates scrutinize iss.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Legislative
2118 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34448 - Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2009
17-Mar-2009; John F. Sargent, Christine M. Matthews, John D. Moteff, Daniel Morgan, Robert Esworthy, Wendy H. Schacht, Pamela W. Smith, Wayne A. Morrissey; 62 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: President Bush has proposed total research and development (R&D) funding of $147.0 billion in his FY2009 budget request to Congress, a $3.9 billion (2.7%) increase over the estimated FY2008 level of $143.1 billion. Five federal agencies would receive 92.8% of total federal R&D spending: the Depar.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Legislative, Science & Technology
2068 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33941 - Polar Bears:Listing Under the Endangered Species Act
4-Mar-2009; Eugene H. Buck, M. Lynn Corn, Kristina Alexander; 24 p.
Update: Previous releases:
February 20, 2009
September 2, 2008
June 2, 2008
February 15, 2008
October 9, 2007
May 14, 2007
March 30, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On May 14, 2008, Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne announced the listing of polar bears as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The controversial decision highlights the intersection of two significant issues currently before Congress — climate change and species protection. Under .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Legislative, Climate Change
1802 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34580 - Drought in the United States: Causes and Issues for Congress
2-Mar-2009; Peter Folger, Betsy A. Cody, Nicole T. Carter; 19 p.
Abstract: Drought is commonly defined as a deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually a season or more, relative to some long-term average condition. Droughts have affected the United States, particularly the American West, for centuries. Drought affects societies because of the c.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Legislative
2227 
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