Legislative
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go directly to report, PDF _ 98-666 - Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Trout: Managing Under the Endangered Species Act
2-Jun-2010; Eugene H. Buck, Harold F. Upton; 13 p.
Update: Previous Release:
February 4, 2009
May 12, 2008
June 28, 2008
December 6, 2006
May 30, 2006
April 10, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Along the Pacific Coast, 26 distinct population segments of Pacific salmon and steelhead trout are listed as either endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Human activities have combined to greatly degrade, reduce, and eliminate fish habitat and otherwise harm populat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Legislative, Marine
582 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34384 - Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?
9-Jul-2010; Robert Esworthy; 48 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 21, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: As a result of enforcement actions and settlements for noncompliance with federal pollution control requirements, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that, for FY2007, regulated entities committed to invest an estimated $10.6 billion for judicially mandated controls and cleanu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Pollution
2065 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41213 - Forestry in the Next Farm Bill
29-Apr-2010; Ross W. Gorte; 9 p.
Abstract: Forest management generally, as well as forest research and forestry assistance, have long been within the jurisdictions of the Agriculture Committees. Although most forestry programs are permanently authorized, forestry has usually been addressed in the periodic farm bills to reauthorize many ag.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Forests, Agriculture, Legislative
2274 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21421 - Mountaintop Mining: Background on Current Controversies
12-Apr-2010; Claudia Copeland; 15 p.
Update: Previous Reports:
August 26, 2008
October 11, 2007
June 12, 2007
November 29, 2005
January 24, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Mountaintop removal mining involves removing the top of a mountain in order to recover the coal seams contained there. This practice occurs in six Appalachian states (Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, and Ohio). It creates an immense quantity of excess spoil (dirt and ro.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Water, Legislative
187 
go directly to report, PDF _ R41195 - Actual Farm Bill Spending and Cost Estimates
20-Apr-2010; Jim Monke, Renée Johnson; 11 p.
Abstract: The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246), enacted into law in June 2008, is the most recent omnibus farm bill and guides most federal farm and food policies. The 112th Congress likely will consider reauthorization of the 2008 farm bill, because much of the current law expires.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Legislative
2272 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22131 - What Is the “Farm Bill”?
6-May-2010; Renee Johnson; 10 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
September 18, 2008
October 5, 2008
June 2, 2006 (/NLE/CRSreports/05aug/RS22131.pdf(
March 22, 2006 (/NLE/CRSreports/06apr/RS22131.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008) was enacted into law on June 18, 2008. It contains 15 titles covering support for commodity crops, horticulture and livestock, conservation, nutrition, trade and food aid, agricultural research, farm credit, rural devel.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Legislative
1445 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33558 - Nuclear Energy Policy
27-May-2010; Mark Holt; 35 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
December 10, 2009
September 2, 2008
January 28, 2008
March 26, 2007
December 26, 2006.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Nuclear energy issues facing Congress include federal incentives for new commercial reactors, radioactive waste management policy, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, nuclear weapons proliferation, and security against terrorist attacks.

Significant incentiv.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative, Waste Management

1750 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22493 - The Animal Welfare Act: Background and Selected Legislation
8-Dec-2009; Geoffrey S. Becker; 10 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 6, 2008
March 15, 2007
January 3, 2007
August 10, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) was first passed in 1966 to prevent pets from being stolen for sale to research laboratories, and to improve the treatment and well-being of animals intended for research. Congress periodically has amended the act to strengthen enforcement, expand coverage to more ani.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, General Interest, Information
1724 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33632 - Clean Air Permitting: Status of Implementation and Issues
30-Dec-2009; Claudia Copeland; 14 p.
Update: Previous Releases:

August 20, 2008
March 20, 2008
March 14, 2007
August 28, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 1990 Clean Air Act amendments require major industrial sources of air pollutants to obtain federal operating permits. These permits, authorized in Title V of the act, are intended to enhance environmental compliance by detailing for each covered facility all of the emission control requiremen.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Pollution, Legislative

1734 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40538 - Coordination of Federal Water Research: Legislative Issues
30-Dec-2009; Nicole Carter; 9 p.
Abstract: H.R. 1145, the National Water Research and Development Initiative Act of 2009, would formally establish a federal interagency committee to coordinate federal water research. Federal water research currently averages roughly $700 million annually.

The proposed interagency committee, with input .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Legislative

2241 
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