Marine
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33133 - Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References
11-Feb-2008; Eugene Buck and Kori Calvert; 21 p.
Update: Previous Release
February 12, 2007
November 22, 2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. Some peacetime use of military sonar has been regulated under the Marine Mammal Prote.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Water, Science & Technology
1555 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21890 - The U.N. Law of the Sea Convention and the United States: Developments Since October 2003
31-Oct-2007; Marjorie Ann Browne; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 14, 2007
June 1, 2006
January 27, 2006

/NLE/CRSreports/05jun/RS21890.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/05feb/RS21890.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/04Aug/RS21890.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On October 31, 2007, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted to recommend Senate advice and consent to U.S. adherence to the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement Relating to Implementation of Part XI of that Convention. This followed the statement by Presiden.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, International
487 
go directly to report, PDF _ 98-869 - Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem
13-Aug-2007; Eugene Buck; 16 p.
Update: Previous Releases:

Sep. 20, 2006

November 23, 1998

http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/marine/mar-30.cfm .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: An adequate level of dissolved oxygen is necessary to support most forms of aquatic life. While very low levels of dissolved oxygen (hypoxia) can be natural, especially in deep ocean basins and fjords, hypoxia in coastal waters is mostly the result of human activities that have modified landscape.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Pollution, Water

704 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30120 - The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues
11-Jun-2007; Eugene Buck; 53 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 18, 2004
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/marine/mar-40pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was last reauthorized in 1994. The MMPA’s authorization of appropriations expired at the end of FY1999. At issue for Congress are the terms and conditions of provisions designed to reauthorize and amend the MMPA to address a variety of concerns relating.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Agriculture, Risk & Reform
293 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30234 - The Pacific Salmon Treaty: The 1999 Agreement in Historical Perspective
30-Mar-2007; Eugene H. Buck; 43 p.
Update: March 30, 2007
Previous releases:
November 13, 2006
October 18, 1999
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Pacific Salmon Treaty (PST) of 1985 requires the United States and Canada to develop periodic bilateral agreements to implement the PST’s conservation and harvest-sharing principles. Beginning in 1993, long-standing disputes prevented such an agreement from being concluded. On June 30, 1999, .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Legislative, Natural Resources
746 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33459 - Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
18-Jan-2007; Eugene H. Buck; 30 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
January 5, 2007

December 19, 2006 August 16, 2006
August 3, 2006

/NLE/CRSreports/06jun/RL33459.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/06jul/RL33459.pdf MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
On July 28, 2006, the House passed H.R. 4, including language exempting certain mu.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Fish and marine mammals are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas; many federal laws and regulations guide their management. Bills to reauthorize and amend major legislation — the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA) and the Marine Mammal Prote.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Legislative, Biodiversity

1642 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21019 - Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress
3-Jul-2006; Ronald O'Rourke; 6 p.
Update: September 6, 2006

Previous Releases:
/NLE/CRSreports/06jul/RS21019.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/05jun/RS21019.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Coast Guard’s FY2007 budget requests $934.431 million for the Deepwater acquisition program. The House-reported version of H.R. 5441, the FY2007 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, recommends $892.64 million for the Deepwater program; the Senate-reported version recommends.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Water, Federal Agencies

333 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21125 - Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations — Background and Issues for Congress
1-Jun-2006; Ronald O’Rourke; 6 p.
Update: August 28, 2006

.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Marine

1686 
go directly to report, PDF _ IB10139 - Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
18-May-2006; Eugene H. Buck; 19 p.
Update: June 2, 2006

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
On May 17, 2006, the House Committee on Resources ordered H.R. 5018 reported (amended), proposing to reauthorize and amend the Magnuson-Stevens Act. On May 11, 2006, the House passed H.R. 5122, including provisions that would (1) direct the Secret.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Fish and marine mammals are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas. Many laws and regulations guide the management of these resources by federal agencies.

Bills to reauthorize and amend major legislation — the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Legislative

1488 
go directly to report, PDF _ IB95010 - The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy
12-May-2006; Marjorie Ann Browne; 19 p.
Update: June 2, 2006

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
As of May 12, 2006, the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea and its 1994 Agreement remained pending before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. On December 17, 2004, the President had urged “Congress to provide its advice and consent t.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On October 7, 1994, President Clinton transmitted to the Senate the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention. The package was referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. On .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, International, Legislative

903 
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