Marine
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go directly to report, PDF _ IB10149 - Outer Continental Shelf: Debate Over Oil and Gas Leasing and Revenue Sharing
7-Apr-2006; Marc Humphries; 16 p.
Update: June 1, 2006

Most Recent Developments:
Several new bills related to oil and gas leasing in the outer continental shelf (OCS) have been introduced in Congress. On February 16, 2006, the Senate Energy Committee held a hearing on its bill S. 2253, which would require Lease Sale 181 to be off.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Several new bills related to oil and gas leasing in the outer continental shelf (OCS) have been introduced in Congress. On February 16, 2006, the Senate Energy Committee held a hearing on its bill S. 2253, which would require Lease Sale 181 to be offered within one-year of passage. The Senate .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Energy, Legislative

1492 
go directly to report, HTML _ 97-55 - Norwegian Commercial Whaling: Issues for Congress
31-Dec-1996; Carl Ek; 8 p.
Abstract: On May 16, 1996, 23 Members of Congress sent a letter to President Clinton expressing their concern over Norway's announcement that it intended to permit its whalers to kill as many as 425 minke whales that year. The co-signers urged the President ¨to take decisive action to prevent Norway from.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
697 
go directly to report, HTML _ 95-4 - United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions
19-Dec-1994; Eugene Buck; 6 p.
Abstract: On November 16, 1994, the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS Convention) entered into force, but not for the United States. The LOS Convention was the culmination of more than 10 years of intense negotiation. However, the United States chose not to participate in this Conventi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
692 
go directly to report, HTML _ 98-975 - An Endangered Species Act Issue for Southeastern Florida: Johnson's Seagrass
9-Dec-1998; Eugene Buck; 6 p.
Abstract: Johnson's seagrass, a small marine plant growing in shallow estuaries and coastal lagoons only along the southeastern Florida coast, has been listed by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the first marine plant so listed. The c.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Wetlands, Marine
584 
go directly to report, HTML _ 97-1047 - Pfiesteria and Related Harmful Blooms: Natural Resource and Human Health Concerns
8-Dec-1997; Eugene Buck Claudia Copeland Jeffrey Zinn, Donna U. Vogt; 24 / 2 p.
Abstract: Congress, federal agencies, and affected states are seeking to better understand Pfiesteriapiscicida (a recently identified species of dinofiagellate) and related species, whose blooms release toxins that can harm fish and possibly human health under certain conditions. Although menhaden, an industr.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
731 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21996 - Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood
7-Dec-2004; Rachel Borgatti and Eugene H. Buck; 6 p.
Update: April 14, 2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Genetic engineering techniques allow the manipulation of inherited traits to modify and improve organisms. Many genetically modified (GM) fish and seafood products are currently under development and offer potential benefits such as increasing aquaculture productivity and improving human health. How.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Agriculture
142 
go directly to report, HTML _ IB95036 - Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act Reauthorization
4-Dec-1996; Eugene Buck; 15 p.
Abstract: Historically, coastal states managed marine sport and commercial fisheries in nearshore waters, where most marine seafood was caught. However, as fishing techniques improved and offshore resources were discovered, more fishers ventured farther offshore. The role of the federal government in marine .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
91 
go directly to report, HTML _ 95-849 - Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management
25-Nov-1995; Eugene Buck; 23 p.
Abstract: An individual transferable quota (ITQ) is an allocated privilege of landing a specified portion of the total annual fish catch in the form of quota shares. This differs from the traditional open-access approach to commercial fisheries. ITQs divide the total annual catch quota into smaller individual.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
725 
go directly to report, HTML _ IB97035 - Maritime Economic Regulation and the 105th Congress
13-Nov-1998; Stephen Thompson; 9 p.
Abstract: The Ocean Shipping Reform Act of 1998 (¨the Act¨) (P.L. 105-258, October 14, 1998) takes effect May 1, 1999. The Act requires the Federal Maritime Commission to have implementing regulations in place by January 1, 1999. The Act allows individual ocean ship operators (primarily containersh.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
743 
go directly to report, HTML _ 93-798 - Aquaculture and the Federal Role
9-Nov-1993; Eugene Buck Geoffrey S. Becker; 15 p.
Abstract: Aquaculture is broadly defined as the production of fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants in a controlled environment. U.S. aquaculture was, until recently, considered both a minor part of the commercial fisheries industry and, within agricultural circles, a specialty product aimed at niche markets. B.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine
688 
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