Natural Resources
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go directly to report, PDF _ RS22060 - The Sport Fish and Restoration Boating Trust Fund
17-Mar-2009; Eugene H. Buck; 9 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 19, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Aquatic Resources Trust Fund was created in 1984 and subsequently amended to support a variety of programs. This report details sources of funding for this trust fund?s two accounts ? the Sport Fish Restoration Account and the Boat Safety Account ? and summarizes the various programs and activit.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Water
go directly to report _ RL34429 - Coal Mine Safety and Health
23-Feb-2009; Linda Levine; 17 p.
Update: Previous editions:
September 5, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Safety in the coal mining industry is much improved compared to the early decades of the twentieth century, a time when hundreds of miners could lose their lives in a single accident and more than 1,000 fatalities could occur in a single year. Fatal injuries associated with coal mine accidents fell .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, General Interest, Natural Resources
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34403 - Whales and Sonar: Environmental Exemptions for the Navy’s Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training Program
18-Feb-2009; Kristina Alexander; 18 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
September 27, 2009
April 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Mid-frequency active (MFA) sonar emits pulses of sound from an underwater transmitter to help determine the size, distance, and speed of objects. The sound waves bounce off objects and reflect back to underwater acoustic receivers as an echo. MFA sonar has been used since World War II, and the Na.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33347 - Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs
17-Feb-2009; Paul W. Parfomak; 21 p.
Update: Previous editions:
February 29, 2008
February 26, 2007
October 11, 2006

Previous Releases:
/NLE/CRSreports/06May/RL33347.pdf .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Nearly half a million miles of oil and gas transmission pipeline crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry hazardous materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage. The nation’s pipeline networks .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Science & Technology, Government

go directly to report, PDF _ RS22567 - Royalty Relief for U.S. Deepwater Oil and Gas Leases
4-Feb-2009; Marc Humphries; 9 p.
Update: Previous releases:
September 18, 2008
February 27, 2008
December 7, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The most common incentives for offshore oil and gas development include various forms of royalty relief. The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to grant royalty relief to promote increased oil and gas production (43 U.S.C. 1337). The Deep Water Roya.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade, Natural Resources
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34395 - International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy
2-Feb-2009; Liana Sun Wyler, Pervase Sheikh; 51 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 22, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Global trade in illegal wildlife is a growing illicit economy, estimated to be worth at least $5 billion and potentially in excess of $20 billion annually. Some of the most lucrative illicit wildlife commodities include tiger parts, caviar, elephant ivory, rhino horn, and exotic birds and reptile.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Biodiversity, Natural Resources, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ R40202 - Nuclear Waste Disposal: Alternatives to Yucca Mountain
6-Feb-2009; Mark Holt; 27 p.
Abstract: Congress designated Yucca Mountain, NV, as the nation’s sole candidate site for a permanent high-level nuclear waste repository in 1987, following years of controversy over the site-selection process. Over the strenuous objections of the State of Nevada, the Department of Energy (DOE) submitted a.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Natural Resources
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32838 - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Votes and Legislative Actions, 95th Congress Through the 110th Congress
19-Nov-2008; M. Lynne Corn and Beth A. Roberts; 37 p.
Update: Previous releases:
September 2, 2008
January 10, 2008
April 9, 2007
June 3, 2005
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Legislative Actions Through the 108th Congress March 30, 2005 (/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL32838.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: A major part of the energy debate has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and if so, under what conditions, or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area’s biological resources. ANWR is rich in fauna, .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Public Lands, Energy, Natural Resources
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33493 - Outer Continental Shelf: Debate Over Oil and Gas Leasing and Revenue Sharing
27-Oct-2008; Marc Humphries; 23 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
September 17, 2009
January 22, 2008
August 28, 2006
President Bush announced on June 18, 2008, that he would like to open areas of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) for oil and gas develop.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Oil and gas leasing in the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) has been an important issue in the debate over energy security and domestic energy resources. The Department of the Interior (DOI) released a comprehensive inventory of OCS resources in February 2006 that estimated reserves of 8.5 billion b.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Marine, Energy
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32956 - Great Lakes Water Withdrawals: Legal and Policy Issues
7-Oct-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh, Cynthia Brougher; 26 p.
Update: Previous Updates:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Great Lakes and their connecting waters form the largest fresh surface water system on Earth and support substantial social, economic, and ecological interests in the United States and Canada. Because less than 1% of Great Lakes water, on average, is renewed annually, many are concerned with .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Natural Resources, Wetlands
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