Natural Resources
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33872 - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): New Directions in the 110th Congress
18-Jun-2008; M. Lynne Corn, Bernard A. Gelb, Kristina Alexander; 16 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
April 11, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: One part of the ongoing energy debate has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska — and if so, under what conditions — or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area’s biological, recreational, and subsist.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources
1817 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33932 - Illegal Logging: Background and Issues
9-Jun-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh; 15 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
March 19, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Illegal logging is a pervasive problem throughout the world, affecting countries that produce, export, and import wood and wood products. Illegal logging is generally defined as the harvest, transport, purchase, or sale of timber in violation of national laws. In some timber-producing countries i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Forests, Natural Resources, Information
1842 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33792 - Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress
27-Aug-2008; Ross W. Gorte, Carol Hardy Vincent, Marc Humphries and Kristina Alexander; 27 p.
Update: Previous releases:
October 26, 2008
March 17, 2007
(www.NCSEonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/07Jun/RL33792.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 110th Congress, the Administration, and the courts are considering many issues related to the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) public lands and the Forest Service (FS) national forests. Key issues include the following.

Energy Resources. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has led to new regulati.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Public Lands, Natural Resources

1869 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31116 - Water Infrastructure Needs and Investment: Review and Analysis of Key Issues
25-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland and Mary Tiemann; 41 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 23, 2008
June 13, 2007
March 19, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Policymakers are giving increased attention to issues associated with financing and investing in the nation’s drinking water and wastewater treatment systems, which take in water, treat it, and distribute it to households and other customers, and later collect, treat, and discharge water after us.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Natural Resources, Information
1826 
go directly to report, PDF _ 97-223 - The Army Corps of Engineers’ Nationwide Permits Program: Issues and Regulatory Developments
21-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 30 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 27, 2007
May 19, 2005
February 2, 2005
Nationwide Permits for Wetlands Projects: Permit 26 and Other Issues and Controversies
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/wetlands/wet-7.cfm
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Permits issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorize various types of development projects in wetlands and other waters of the United States. The Corps’ regulatory process involves two types of permits: general permits for actions by private landowners that are similar in nature and w.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Wetlands, Natural Resources
210 
go directly to report, PDF _ 97-488 - Clean Water Act Section 401: Background and Issues
21-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
March 20, 2008
April 6, 2007
December 5, 2006(/NLE/CRSreports/06Nov/97-488.pdf)
October 4, 1998
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Section 401 of the Clean Water Act requires that an applicant for a federal license or permit provide a certification that any discharges from the facility will comply with the act, including water quality standard requirements. Disputes have arisen over the states’ exercise of this authority in .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Natural Resources, Legislative
733 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22928 - Oil Development of Federal Lands and the Outer Continental Shelf
6-Aug-2008; Marc Humphries; 6 p.
Update: Previous Reports:
August 6, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Over the past year, crude oil prices have nearly doubled, reaching record levels. Proposals before Congress include a number of legislative initiatives to increase domestic oil production. These proposals have fallen into two broad categories: (1) to open areas of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Natural Resources, Public Lands
2085 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34111 - Energy Policy Reform and Revitalization Act of 2007, Title VI of H.R. 3221: Summary and Discussion of Oil and Gas Provisions
29-Feb-2008; Marc Humphries; 10 p.
Abstract: The conflict between environmental concerns and the need for increased domestic energy production from public lands continues to be a major policy issue. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005, P.L. 109-58), enacted several provisions that were aimed at expediting the development of oil and ga.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Economics & Trade, Risk & Reform
2039 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34228 - Comparison of the 2008 Farm Bill Conference Agreement with the House and Senate Farm Bills
19-Jun-2008; Renée Johnson, Geoffrey S. Becker, Tom Capehart, Ralph M. Chite, Tadlock Cowan, Ross W. Gorte, Charles E. Hanrahan, Remy Jurenas, Jim Monke, Jean M. Rawson, Randy Schnepf, Joe Richardson, Donald J. Marples and Mark Jickling; 166 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In late May, both the House and the Senate voted to override a presidential veto of the conference agreement on the 2008 farm bill (H.R. 2419, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008), and the conference bill became law on May 22, 2008 (P.L. 110-234). However, an enrolling error resulted i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Natural Resources, Public Lands
2054 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20071 - United States Fire Administration: An Overview
2-Jun-2008; Lennard Kruger; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 20, 2005
/NLE/CRSreports/Agency/agency-30.cfm.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) ? which includes the National Fire Academy (NFA) ? is an entity within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), now part of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Its objective is to significantl.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Agriculture, Natural Resources
236 
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