Pollution
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go directly to report, PDF _ RS20672 - Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Developments and Issues
1-Jul-2008; Mary Tiemann; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 1, 2007
January 17, 2007
October 5, 2006
April 29, 2002
December 5, 2005
October 20, 2005 (www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/05oct/RS20672.pdf)
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/water/h2o-40.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In 2001, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated a new regulation for arsenic in drinking water, as required by 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments. The rule set the legal limit for arsenic in tap water at 10 parts per billion (ppb), replacing a 50 ppb standard set in 1975, before.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Water, Pollution
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32450 - Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Current Issues
1-Jul-2008; Claudia Copeland; 30 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 2, 2008
February 6, 2008
June 14, 2007
October 6, 2006
May 16,2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The cruise industry is a significant and growing contributor to the U.S. economy, providing more than $32 billion in benefits annually and generating more than 330,000 U.S. jobs, but also making the environmental impacts of its activities an issue to many. Although cruise ships represent a small .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Water, International
153 
go directly to report, PDF _ 97-831 - Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants
25-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 6, 2007
October 25, 2006
(http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/06Nov/97-831.pdf)

http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/97-831.pdf
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/water/h2o-24.pdf
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsre.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Im.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Pollution, Risk & Reform
159 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34569 - International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Key Changes to U.S. Programs and Funding
25-Aug-2008; Kellie Moss; 22 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 25, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-25) authorizes $15 billion for U.S. global efforts to combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria from FY2004 through FY2008. It also authorizes the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) to o.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Risk & Reform, General Interest
2071 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31851 - Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)
20-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 27 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 28, 2007
August 31, 2007
September 21, 2006 (http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/06Oct/RL31851.pdf)
April 11, 2007(http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/07May/RL31851.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the release of waste from animal feedlots to surface water, groundwater, soil, and air is associated with a range of human health and ecological impacts and contributes to degradation of the nation’s surface waters. The most dramatic ecological im.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Waste Management, Pollution
1746 
go directly to report, PDF _ 96-647 - Water Infrastructure Financing: History of EPA Appropriations
19-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 34 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 1, 2005
January 19, 2006
February 21, 2007
/nle/crsreports/03jun/96-647.pdf
/nle/crsreports/02Dec/96-647.pdf
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/water/h2o-35.pdf http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/watere/h2o-35.cfm.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The principal federal program to aid municipal wastewater treatment plant construction is authorized in the Clean Water Act (CWA). Established as a grant program in 1972, it now capitalizes state loan programs. Authorizations since 1972 have totaled $65 billion, while appropriations have totaled $77.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Federal Agencies, Pollution
1405 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33165 - Costs and Benefits of Clear Skies: EPA's Analysis of Multi-Pollutant Clean Air Bills
23-Nov-2005; James E. McCarthy and Larry B. Parker; 19 p.
Abstract: The electric utility industry is a major source of air pollution, particularly sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and mercury (Hg), as well as suspected greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). On October 27, 2005, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a long-aw.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Energy, Pollution
1557 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21961 - Perchlorate Contamination of Drinking Water: Regulatory Issues and Legislative Actions
22-May-2008; Mary Tiemann; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
November 9, 2007
April 4, 2007
January 10, 2007
November 29, 2006
June 1, 2006
June 1, 2005
February 3, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Perchlorate is the explosive component of solid rocket fuel, fireworks, road flares, and other products. Used heavily by the Department of Defense (DOD) and related industries, perchlorate also occurs naturally and is present in some organic fertilizer. This soluble, persistent compound has been .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Federal Agencies, Pollution
488 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34018 - Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation in the 110th Congress
11-Feb-2008; Larry Parker and John Blodgett; 16 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 2, 2007
May 25, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: With the prospect of new layers of complexity being added to air pollution controls, and with electricity restructuring putting a premium on economic efficiency, interest is being expressed in finding mechanisms to achieve health and environmental goals in simpler, more cost-effective ways. The e.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Pollution, Legislative
1870 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31410 - Superfund Taxes or General Revenues: Future Funding Issues for the Superfund Program
4-Feb-2008; Jonathan Lee Ramseur, Mark Reisch, and James E. McCarthy; 13 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 2, 2006
March 7, 2007
March 22, 2007

/nle/crsreports/06apr/RL31410.pdf
/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL31410.pdf
/nle/crsreports/04mar/RL31410.pdf
/nle/crsreports/03Apr/RL31410.pdf .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report discusses the role of dedicated taxes and other sources of revenue in funding the Hazardous Substance Superfund Trust Fund. Congress makes annual appropriations to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from this trust fund and from general Treasury revenues for the purpose of suppor.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Legislative, Risk & Reform
243 
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