Risk & Reform
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33548 - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments
28-May-2008; Jonathan Medalia; 50 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
March 4, 2008
November 30, 2007
January 18, 2007
July 10, 2006
August 28, 2006

The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization held its 26th session June 20-23, 2006. On March 10.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: A comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty (CTBT) is the oldest item on the nuclear arms control agenda. Three treaties currently bar all but underground tests with a maximum force equal to 150,000 tons of TNT. The Natural Resources Defense Council states the United States conducted 1,030 nuclear tests.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Legislative, International

go directly to report, PDF _ RL31410 - Superfund Taxes or General Revenues: Future Funding Issues for the Superfund Program
4-Feb-2008; Jonathan Lee Ramseur, Mark Reisch, and James E. McCarthy; 13 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 2, 2006
March 7, 2007
March 22, 2007

/nle/crsreports/03Apr/RL31410.pdf .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report discusses the role of dedicated taxes and other sources of revenue in funding the Hazardous Substance Superfund Trust Fund. Congress makes annual appropriations to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from this trust fund and from general Treasury revenues for the purpose of suppor.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Legislative, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34316 - Pipelines for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Control: Network Needs and Cost Uncertainties
10-Jan-2008; Paul W. Parfomak and Peter Folger; 13 p.
Abstract: Congress is considering policies promoting the capture and sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) from sources such as electric power plants. Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is a process involving a CO2 source facility, a long-term CO2 sequestration site, and CO2 pipelines. There is an increa.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Climate Change, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33636 - The European Union's Energy Security Challenges
30-Jan-2008; Paul Belkin; 28 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 7, 2007
January 26, 2007
September 11, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Recent increases in energy prices and a steady escalation in global energy demand — expected to rise by nearly 60% over the next 20 years — have led U.S. policy-makers to engage in a wide ranging debate over how best to address the country’s future energy requirements. Similarly, energy security ha.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, International, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30809 - The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and Federal Water Rights
14-Jan-2008; Cynthia Brougher; 15 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 27, 2007; by Kristine Alexander
March 5, 2007; by Pamela Baldwin
June 2, 2006
March 23, 2001
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: During the 1960s, support grew for the idea that the development of our nation’s rivers needed to be balanced by protecting certain rivers that possessed outstanding undeveloped qualities. This sentiment culminated in the enactment of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1968. Rivers may be designated .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Public Lands, Water, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34080 - Food and Agricultural Imports from China
9-Oct-2007; Geoffrey S. Becker ; 20 p.
Abstract: U.S. food and agricultural imports have increased significantly in recent years, causing some in Congress to question whether the U.S. food safety system can keep pace. A series of recent incidents have raised safety concerns about the many foods, medicines, and other products from China in p.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Risk & Reform, Agriculture
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22276 - Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
25-Oct-2007; Jeffrey Zinn; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 5, 2007 January 24, 2007
June 2, 2006
May 4, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Prior to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had been seeking congressional approval for a $1.1 billion program both to construct five projects that would help restore specified sites in the coastal wetland ecosystem in Louisiana, and to continue planning several othe.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Wetlands, Government, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34190 - Pandemic Influenza: An Analysis of State Preparedness and Response Plans
24-Sep-2007; Sarah A. Lister and Holly Stockdale; 31 p.
Abstract: States are the seat of most authority for public health emergency response. Much of the actual work of response falls to local officials. However, the federal government can impose requirements upon states as a condition of federal funding. Since 2002, Congress has provided funding to all U.S.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33949 - Environmental Impacts of Airport Operations, Maintenance, and Expansion
5-Sep-2007; Linda Luther; 23 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 22, 2007
April 5, 2007.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Funding authorization for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs set forth in the Vision 100 — Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (P.L. 108-176, hereafter referred to as Vision 100) are set to expire at the end of FY2007. During the current reauthorization process, methods to address.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20351 - Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Pro and Con
28-Jun-2005; Jonathan Medalia ; 6 p.
Abstract: The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) would ban all nuclear explosions. President Clinton signed it in 1996 and transmitted it to the Senate in 1997. The Senate rejected it in 1999. To enter into force, 44 named nations, including the United States, must ratify the treaty. The Bush Admin.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Information, General
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