Risk & Reform
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go directly to report, PDF _ RS22065 - Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup
31-Aug-2007; David M. Bearden; 6 p.
Update: August 31, 2007 Previous Reports:
January 3, 2007
October 3, 2006
June 19, 2006

June 2005 November 2005

December 2005

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Abstract: Near the end of its first session, the 109th Congress approved a new round of military base closures and realignments. As the Department of Defense (DOD) implements the new round, issues for the 110th Congress include the pace and costs of closing and realigning the bases and the impacts on surro.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Federal Agencies

go directly to report, PDF _ RL30120 - The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues
11-Jun-2007; Eugene Buck; 53 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 18, 2004
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Abstract: The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was last reauthorized in 1994. The MMPA’s authorization of appropriations expired at the end of FY1999. At issue for Congress are the terms and conditions of provisions designed to reauthorize and amend the MMPA to address a variety of concerns relating.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Agriculture, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33426 - Superfund: Implementation and Selected Issues
24-May-2007; Jonathan L. Ramseur and Mark Reisch; 24 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 2, 2007
May 17, 2006
July 28, 2006
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Abstract: Superfund is the federal government’s principal program for cleaning up the nation’s contaminated waste sites and protecting public health and the environment from releases of hazardous substances. Enacted into law as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERC.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Legislative, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33629 - BP Alaska North Slope Pipeline Shutdowns: Regulatory Policy Issues
18-May-2007; Paul W. Parfomak; 18 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
January 9, 2007
October 11, 2006
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Abstract: On August 6, 2006, BP Exploration (Alaska), Inc. (BP) announced the shutdown of the Prudhoe Bay area oil field on the North Slope of Alaska to conduct major repairs following the discovery of severe corrosion and a small spill from a Prudhoe Bay oil pipeline. The loss of North Slope oil produ.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Public Lands, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33769 - International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance, Budget Trends, and Issues for Congress
3-May-2007; Rhoda Margesson ; 20 p.
Abstract: Humanitarian emergencies can emerge anywhere in the world, stemming from natural disasters or man-made conflicts. U.S. and international humanitarian assistance can have an important impact not only on the relief operation itself but on broader foreign policy issues. In the 110th Congress, hu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Information, Risk & Reform, Government
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32739 - Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems
10-May-2007; Wayne A. Morrissey; 30 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
December 12, 2006
June 1, 2006
February 23, 2006
May 19, 2005
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Abstract: Congress is concerned about the possible vulnerability of U.S. coastal areas to tsunamis and the adequacy of early warning for coastal areas. This stems from a December 26, 2004, tsunami that devastated many coastal areas around the northern Indian Ocean, where few tsunami early warning syste.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Science & Technology, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32199 - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or “Mad Cow Disease”): Current and Proposed Safeguards
19-May-2007; Sarah A. Lister and Geoffrey S. Becker; 59 p.
Update: Previous releases:
September 20, 2006

/NLE/CRSreports/04Mar/RL32199.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Through mid-May 2007, the United States had confirmed three cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow disease”): the first in December 2003 in a Canadian-born cow found in Washington state, the second in June 2005 in cow in Texas, and the third in March 2006 in a cow in Alab.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Federal Agencies, Risk & Reform
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22266 - The Use of Federal Troops for Disaster Assistance: Legal Issues
24-Apr-2007; Jennifer K. Elsea; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 14, 2006 (www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/06Sep/RS22266.pdf)
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Abstract: Hurricane Katrina raised questions concerning the President’s legal authority to send active duty military forces into a disaster area and the permissible functions the military can perform to protect life and property and maintain order. The Stafford Act authorizes the use of the military for disas.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, General
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20621 - Overview of NEPA Requirements
10-Apr-2007; Kristina Alexander; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases
: http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/risk/rsk-49.cfm
July 15, 2005
April 19, 2005
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Abstract: The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) establishes environmental policies that apply to the federal government, but it is best known for imposing environmental review procedures on federal agency actions. NEPA requires agencies to review the potential environmental impacts of their projects.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Agriculture, Public Lands
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33342 - Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity
27-Apr-2007; Dana A. Shea; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 10, 2006
June 2, 2006
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Abstract: Policymakers have addressed the threat of biological weapons and biosecurity issues for many years. An issue garnering increased attention is the potential for life sciences research intended to enhance scientific understanding and public health to generate results that could be misused to advance b.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Risk & Reform, Federal Agencies
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