Science & Technology
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go directly to report, PDF _ R40477 - Desalination: Status and Federal Issues
30-Dec-2009; Nicole Carter; 13 p.
Abstract: In the United States, desalination is increasingly investigated as an option for meeting municipal water demands, particularly for coastal communities that can desalinate seawater or estuarine water, interior communities above brackish groundwater aquifers, and communities with contaminated water.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Science & Technology
2242 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34160 - The National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility: Issues for Congress
14-Dec-2009; Dana A. Shea, Jim Monke, and Frank Gottron; 23 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
September 26, 2008
November 15, 2007
October 4, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The agricultural and food infrastructure of the United States is potentially susceptible to terrorist attack using biological pathogens. In addition to the effects of such an attack on the economy, some animal diseases could potentially be transmitted to humans. These diseases are known as zoonot.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Government, Science & Technology
1920 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34503 - Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress
29-Jun-2009; Deborah D. Stine; 16 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
February 3, 2009
June 20, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Science and engineering activities have always been international. Scientists, engineers, and health professionals frequently communicate and cooperate with one another without regard to national boundaries. This report discusses international science and technology (S&T) diplomacy, instances whe.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Government, International
2117 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33801 - Carbon Capture and Sequestrian (CCS)
19-Jun-2009; Peter Folger; 31 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 10, 2008
February 23, 2009
February 7, 2008
August 13, 2007
January 17, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Carbon capture and sequestration (or storage)—known as CCS—has attracted interest as a measure for mitigating global climate change because large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from fossil fuel use in the United States are potentially available to be captured and stored underground or pr.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology
1813 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34497 - Advanced Research Projects Agency- Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress
29-Apr-2009; Deborah D. Stine; 34 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 12, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In August 2007, Congress authorized the establishment of the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) within the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69). Modeled on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), ARPA-E would support transfor.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative, Science & Technology
2069 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34736 - The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress
20-Mar-2009; Deborah D. Stine; 40 p.
Abstract: Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) through the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-282). The act states that “The primary function of the OSTP Director is to provide, within the Executive Office of the Pres.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Government
2228 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34448 - Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2009
17-Mar-2009; John F. Sargent, Christine M. Matthews, John D. Moteff, Daniel Morgan, Robert Esworthy, Wendy H. Schacht, Pamela W. Smith, Wayne A. Morrissey; 62 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: President Bush has proposed total research and development (R&D) funding of $147.0 billion in his FY2009 budget request to Congress, a $3.9 billion (2.7%) increase over the estimated FY2008 level of $143.1 billion. Five federal agencies would receive 92.8% of total federal R&D spending: the Depar.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Legislative, Science & Technology
2068 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22818 - National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress
6-Mar-2009; Daniel Morgan, Carl E. Behrens; 10 p.
Abstract: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. For FY2009, the Bush Administration requested $17.614 billion for NASA, an increase of 1.8% from the FY2008 appropriation of $17.309 billion. The House Appropriations Committee recomm.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Science & Technology
2229 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34539 - The U.S. Science and Technology Workforce
3-Mar-2009; Deborah D. Stine and Christine M. Matthews; 15 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 20, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In the 21st century, global competition and rapid advances in science and technology will challenge the scientific and technical proficiency of the U.S. workforce. The 110th Congress is currently discussing policy actions that could enhance the nation’s science and technology (S&T) workforce — de.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, General
2131 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34403 - Whales and Sonar: Environmental Exemptions for the Navy’s Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training Program
18-Feb-2009; Kristina Alexander; 18 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
September 27, 2009
April 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Mid-frequency active (MFA) sonar emits pulses of sound from an underwater transmitter to help determine the size, distance, and speed of objects. The sound waves bounce off objects and reflect back to underwater acoustic receivers as an echo. MFA sonar has been used since World War II, and the Na.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Science & Technology
2056 
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