Science & Technology
    Records 31 to 40 of 216
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33527 - Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development
25-Aug-2008; Wendy H. Schacht; 23 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
July 19, 2007
June 11, 2007
April 24, 2007
February 20, 2007
August 3, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The federal government spends approximately one third of its annual research and development budget for intramural R&D to meet mission requirements in over 700 government laboratories (including Federally Funded Research and Development Centers). The technology and expertise generated by this end.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33528 - Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy
25-Aug-2008; Wendy H. Schacht; 24 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 1, 2007
August 3, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: There is ongoing interest in the pace of U.S. technological advancement due to its influence on U.S. economic growth, productivity, and international competitiveness. Because technology can contribute to economic growth and productivity increases, congressional attention has focused on how to aug.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Government
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22815 - The Technology Innovation Program
20-Aug-2008; Wendy H. Schacht; 6 p.
Update: Previous Reports:
August 20, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: P.L. 110-69 created the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). The FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, P.L. 110-161, provides $65.2 million for the program (with an additional $5 millio.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Legislative
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33526 - Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness
20-Aug-2008; Wendy H. Schacht; 22 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
April 27, 2007
August 3, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, univer.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Economics & Trade
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32992 - The Endangered Species Act and “Sound Science”
7-Aug-2008; Eugene H. Buck, M. Lynne Corn, Pamela Baldwin, and Kristina Alexander; 29 p.
Update: Previous releases:
September 27, 2007
January 8, 2007
October 5, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The adequacy of the science supporting implementation of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is receiving increased congressional attention. While some critics accuse agencies responsible for implementing the ESA of using “junk science,” others counter that decisions that should rest on science are .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Biodiversity, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22822 - Lighting Efficiency in Standards in Energy Independence aned Security Act of 2007: Are Incandescnt Light Bulbs
23-Apr-2008; Jeffrey Logan; 6 p.
Abstract: The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140) sets new performance standards for many common light bulbs. Tier I standards require a 25%- 30% increase in the energy efficiency of typical light bulbs beginning in 2012, and still greater improvements through Tier II standards star.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, Legislative, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34307 - Regulation of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Sequestration Pipelines: Jurisdictional Issues
15-Apr-2008; Adam Vann and Paul W. Parfomak; 10 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
.... [expand]  [read report]

In the last few years there has been a surge in interest in carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) as a way to mitigate manmade carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and thereby help address climate change concerns. This approach may require the transportation of captured carbon dioxide via pipeline .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Climate Change, Science & Technology

go directly to report, PDF _ RS22542 - Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing: U.S. Policy Development
27-Mar-2008; Anthony Andrews; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 29, 2006
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Abstract: As part of the World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb, reprocessing technology was developed to chemically separate and recover fissionable plutonium from irradiated nuclear fuel. In the early stage of commercial nuclear power, reprocessing was thought essential to supplying nuclear fuel..... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology, Legislative
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33434 - Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Issues and Legislative Options
21-Mar-2008; Jeffrey J. Kuenzi; 34 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
August 16, 2006

July, 26, 2006
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Abstract: There is growing concern that the United States is not preparing a sufficient number of students, teachers, and practitioners in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). A large majority of secondary school students fail to reach proficiency in math and science, and .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Legislative, General Interest

go directly to report _ RL34401 - The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Overview, Reauthorization and Appropriation Issues
29-Feb-2008; John F. Sargent; 49 p.
Abstract: Nanotechnology — a term encompassing the science, engineering, and applications of submicron materials — involves the harnessing of unique physical, chemical, and biological properties of nanoscale substances in fundamentally new and useful ways. The economic and societal promise of nanotechnolog.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Science & Technology
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