Science & Technology
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33347 - Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs
17-Feb-2009; Paul W. Parfomak; 21 p.
Update: Previous editions:
February 29, 2008
February 26, 2007
October 11, 2006

Previous Releases:
/NLE/CRSreports/06May/RL33347.pdf .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Nearly half a million miles of oil and gas transmission pipeline crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry hazardous materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage. The nation’s pipeline networks .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Science & Technology, Government

go directly to report, PDF _ RL34451 - Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer
7-Feb-2009; John F. Sargent, Jr.; 14 p.
Abstract: Nanoscale science, engineering and technology—commonly referred to collectively as nanotechnology—is believed by many to offer extraordinary economic and societal benefits. Congress has demonstrated continuing support for nanotechnology and has directed its attention primarily to three topics tha.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology
go directly to report _ RL34645 - The Manhattan Project, Apollo Program, and Federal Energy Technology R&D Programs: A comparitive Analysis
4-Feb-2009; Deborah D. Stine; 12 p.
Abstract: Some policymakers have concluded that the energy challenges facing the United States are so critical that a concentrated investment in energy research and development (R&D) should be undertaken. The Manhattan project, which produced the atomic bomb, and the Apollo program, which landed American m.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ R40154 - Detection of Nuclear Weapons and Materials: Science, Technologies, Observations
24-Feb-2009; Jonathan Medalia; 102 p.
Abstract: Detection of nuclear weapons and special nuclear material (SNM, certain types of uranium and plutonium) is crucial to thwarting nuclear proliferation and terrorism and to securing weapons and materials worldwide. Congress has funded a portfolio of detection R&D and acquisition programs, and has m.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology
go directly to report _ RL40175 - Wind Energy: Offshore Permitting
29-Jan-2009; Adam Vann; 16 p.
Abstract: Technological advancement, tax incentives, and policy concerns have driven a global expansion in the development of renewable energy resources. Wind energy, in particular, is now often cited as the fastest growing commercial energy source in the world. Currently, all U.S. wind energy facilities a.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33883 - Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects
26-Nov-2008; Nic Lane; 24 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 26, 2008
March 24, 2008
September 20, 2007
June 28, 2007
May 2, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The development technology that generates electricity from ocean waves, tides, and river currents is still in its infancy. However, Congress has provided some policy guidance on these energy sources through the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT; P.L. 109-58). The act addresses this area of energy .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology, Legislative
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34546 - Wind Power in the United States: Technology, Economic, and Policy Issues
20-Jun-2008; Jeffrey Logan and Stan Mark Kaplan; 53 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 20, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Rising energy prices and concern over greenhouse gas emissions have focused congressional attention on energy alternatives, including wind power. Although wind power currently provides only about 1% of U.S. electricity needs, it is growing more rapidly than any other energy source. In 2007, over .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Legislative, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34454 - Science and Technology Policy-making: A Primer
20-Jun-2008; Deborah D. Stine; 49 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
June 20, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Scientific and technical knowledge and guidance influences not just policy related to science and technology, but also many of today’s public policies as policymakers seek knowledge to enhance the quality of their decisions. Science and technology policy is concerned with the allocation of resour.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34332 - Engineered Nanoscale Materials and Derivative Products: Regulatory Challenges
18-Jul-2008; Linda-Jo Schierow; 27 p.
Abstract: Scientists and engineers can now examine, design, and manipulate materials at the molecular level, termed “nanoscale,” between 1 and 100 billionths of a meter. The U.S. government has invested heavily to ensure that American industry remains a global leader in the field, because the products of nano.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34540 - Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies: FY2009 Appropriations
11-Jul-2008; William J. Krouse and Edward Vincent Murphy; 66 p.
Abstract: The annual consideration of appropriations bills (regular, continuing, and supplemental) by Congress is part of a complex set of budget processes that also encompasses the consideration of budget resolutions, revenue and debt-limit legislation, other spending measures, and reconciliation bills. In a.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Government, Science & Technology
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