Science & Technology
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL34048 - Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2008
5-Feb-2008; John F. Sargent, Christine M. Matthews, John D. Moteff, Daniel Morgan, Robert Esworthy, Wendy H. Schacht, Pamela W. Smith, and Wayne A. Morrissey; 43 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
September 20, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 (P.L. 110-161) was the measure used by Congress and the President to wrap up action on the regular appropriations acts in late 2007. On December 19, 2007, Congress completed action on the act, and it was signed into law by President Bush on December 26, 2.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Federal Agencies, Government
1889 
go directly to report _ RL33754 - Coast Guard Deep Water Acquisition Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress
5-Jun-2008; Ronald O'Rourke; 42 p.
Abstract: The term Deepwater refers to a collection of more than a dozen Coast Guard acquisition programs for replacing and modernizing the service’s aging fleet of deepwater-capable ships and aircraft. Until April 2007, the Coast Guard had pursued these programs as a single, integrated acquisition program.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Water, Legislative
2037 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33133 - Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References
11-Feb-2008; Eugene Buck and Kori Calvert; 21 p.
Update: Previous Release
February 12, 2007
November 22, 2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. Some peacetime use of military sonar has been regulated under the Marine Mammal Prote.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Water, Science & Technology
1555 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33564 - Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
1-Feb-2008; Brent D. Yacobucci; 17 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 2, 2007
January 24, 2007
October 19, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles are seen by proponents as integral to improving urban air quality, decreasing dependence on foreign oil, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. However, major barriers — especially economics — currently prevent the widespread use of these fuel.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology, Climate Change
1751 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30699 - Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons and Missiles: The Current Situation and Trends
20-Feb-2008; Paul K Kerr; 31 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
August 10, 2001.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The United States has long recognized the dangers inherent in the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons, and missiles. This report, which analyzes NBC weapons programs potential threat patterns around the globe, is updated as needed.

The total number of nuclear, biological.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Science & Technology, International

1463 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22614 - The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): FY2008 Budget and Congressional Appropriations
30-Oct-2007; Wayne A. Morrissey; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 31, 2007
April 10, 2007

Update:
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Department of Commerce is funded through revised continuing resolution (P.L. 110-5) for FY2007. For FY2008, President Bush requested $3.81 billion in disc.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Department of Commerce is funded through revised continuing resolution (P.L. 110-5) for FY2007. For FY2008, President Bush requested $3.81 billion in discretionary appropriations for NOAA. The Senate passed H.R. 3093, Commerce,.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Science & Technology, Information
1830 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33807 - Air Quality Standards and Sound Science: What Role for CASAC?
18-Sep-2007; James E. McCarthy; 25 p.
Update: Previous releases:
February 16, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: As the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) completes its reviews of the ozone and particulate matter (PM) air quality standards — the PM review was completed in September 2006, and the ozone review is due for completion in early 2008 — the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC), an ind.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Science & Technology, Information
1798 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33946 - Navy Nuclear-Powered Surface Ships: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress
13-Jun-2007; Ronald O’Rourke ; 27 p.
Abstract: Some Members of Congress, particularly on the House Armed Services Committee, have expressed interest in expanding the use of nuclear power to a wider array of Navy surface ships, especially the Navy’s planned CG(X) cruiser. The Navy wants to procure the first CG(X) in FY2011, and is currentl.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, Information
1894 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33849 - Climate Change: Science and Policy Implications
2-May-2007; Jane A. Leggett; 54 p.
Update: Previous releases:
January 25, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Almost all scientists agree that the Earth’s climate is changing, having warmed by 0.6 to 0.8o Celsius (1.1 to 1.5o Fahrenheit) since the Industrial Revolution. Science indicates that the Earth’s global average temperature is now approaching, or possibly has passed, the warmest experienced since .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Science & Technology
1800 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21267 - National Science Foundation: Major Research Equipment and Facility Construction
4-May-2007; Christine M. Matthews; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases
August 14, 2006
November 19, 2004 (www.NCSEonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/04nov/RS21267.pdf)
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction (MREFC) account of the National Science Foundation (NSF) supports the acquisition and construction of major research facilities and equipment that are to extend the boundaries of science, engineering, and technology. The facilities inclu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Federal Agencies, Science & Technology
1471 
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