Transportation
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL30484 - Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues
17-Dec-2004; Brent D. Yacobucci; 17 p.
Update: April 13, 2005


Previous Releases
/NLE/CRSreports/04Jan/RL30484.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Research and development of cleaner and more efficient vehicle technologies has been ongoing for the past few decades. Much of this research started in response to the oil shocks of the 1970s which triggered concerns about rising fuel costs and growing dependence on imported fuel. The urgency of tho.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy, Science & Technology

213 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32032 - Streamlining Environmental Reviews of Highway and Transit Projects: Analysis of SAFETEA and Recent Legislative Activities
7-Dec-2004; Linda G. Luther; 17 p.
Update: April 13, 2005

Previous releases: /NLE/CRSreports/04oct/RL32032.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/04Jun/RL32032.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Before final design activities, property acquisition, or construction for a federally funded surface transportation project can proceed, the Department of Transportation (DOT) is required by law to comply with environmental review provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA, 42 U.S.C. .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Legislative
133 
go directly to report, HTML _ 98-973 - Appalachian Development Highway Program(ADHP): An Overview
7-Dec-1998; Robert Kirk; 5 p.
Abstract: The Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP) is a road building program that is intended to break Appalachia's regional isolation and encourage Appalachian economic development. Administered by the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), the ADHP is authorized to develop a network of 3,025 mile.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation
928 
go directly to report, PDF _ IB10107 - Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress
30-Nov-2004; James E. McCarthy; 19 p.
Update: February 15, 2005

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

On June 15, 2004, the House passed H.R. 4503, a comprehensive energy bill virtually identical to the conference version of H.R. 6, which it had passed November 18, 2003. The bill included provisions amending the Clean Air Act to address reformulated g.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The most prominent air quality issue in the 108th Congress was what to do about emissions from coal-fired electric power plants. On January 30, 2004, EPA proposed standards for mercury, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide emissions from such plants. The proposed mercury standards have been particular.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Transportation

68 
go directly to report, HTML _ RS20734 - Aviation Delays
22-Nov-2000; Glen Moore; 3 p.
Abstract: Flight delays and cancellation in the U.S. air transportation system rose to record levels in 2000. The problem costs the airlines an estimated $3 billion annually and causes great inconvenience for shippers and passengers. Billions of federal dollars are being spent to modernize the air traffic con.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation
943 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21521 - Gasoline Excise Tax ? Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet
18-Nov-2004; Louis Alan Talley and Pamela J. Jackson; 2 p.
Update: March 18, 2005
/NLE/CRSreports/04Mar/RS21521.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The federal government first imposed a gasoline excise tax with the passage of the Revenue Act of 1932. The rate was one cent per gallon. During the early years of the tax, the proceeds went into the general fund of the Treasury. It was not until 1956, when Congress established the Highway Trust Fun.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Economics & Trade
229 
go directly to report, HTML _ RS20177 - Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress
2-Nov-2000; John W. Fischer; 3 p.
Abstract: Congress concluded its debate on the airport and airway trust fund (aviation trust fund) by modifying its treatment in the budget. The Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR21 or FAIR21)(P.L. 106-181) contains a so called ¨guarantee¨ that uses House an.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Air
938 
go directly to report, HTML _ 97-516 - ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress
23-Oct-1997; John Fischer; 31 p.
Abstract: Authorizing legislation for federal surface transportation programs highway, highway safety, and transit expired at the end of FY1997. The federal framework for these programs was created by the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (P.L. 102-240), better known as ISTEA. ISTEA was.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation
919 
go directly to report, HTML _ 97-959 - Highway Fund Sanctions for Clean Air Act Violations
22-Oct-1997; James E. McCarthy; 5 p.
Abstract: Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is required to impose highway fund and other sanctions on areas that she determines not to have submitted or not to have implemented adequate plans to attain air quality standards. The threat of sanctions is a powerful.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation
921 
go directly to report, HTML _ RL30131 - Highway Fund Sanctions and Conformity Under the Clean Air Act
15-Oct-1998; James E. McCarthy; 5 p.
Abstract: This report discusses two Clean Air Act provisions that can result in denial of federal highway funding to local areas: sanctions and the lapse of what is called ¨conformity.¨ Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is required to impose highway fu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Air, Economics & Trade
933 
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