Transportation
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL33512 - Transportation Security: Issues for the 110th Congress
3-Jan-2007; David Randall Peterman, Bart Elias, and John Frittelli; 21 p.
Abstract: The nation’s air, land, and marine transportation systems are designed for accessibility and efficiency, two characteristics that make them highly vulnerable to terrorist attack. While hardening the transportation sector from terrorist attack is difficult, measures can be taken to deter terrorist.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Risk & Reform, Information
1776 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22496 - Energy Prices and Tourism: Some Preliminary Observations
17-Aug-2006; Bernard A. Gelb; 6 p.
Abstract: Energy prices faced by consumers have risen steeply in the last few years, and it is likely that spending on energy substituted at least to some extent for spending on other goods and services. It is widely believed that increases in energy prices, particularly gasoline, negatively affect tourism. T.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, General Interest, Transportation
1723 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31361 - "Boutique Fuels" and Reformulated Gasoline: Harmonization of Fuel Standards
10-May-2006; Brent D. Yacobucci; 17 p.
Update: July 28, 2006

Previous Releases:
/NLE/CRSreports/04dec/RL31361.pdf
/NLE/CRSreports/04Jan/RL31361.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The current system of gasoline standards in the United States is complex. Because of federal and state programs to improve air quality, and local refining and marketing decisions, suppliers of gasoline face many different standards for fuel quality. As a result, fuels are formulated to meet varyi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy

217 
go directly to report, PDF _ IB10128 - Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
8-May-2006; Brent D. Yacobucci; 14 p.
Update: July 25, 2006

Previous Releases:
/NLE/CRSreports/06feb/IB10128.pdf

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
High crude oil and gasoline prices in spring 2006 have led to increased interest in the U.S. fuel supply. Congressional interest has focused on alternatives to petroleum, ways to imp.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles are seen by proponents as integral to improving urban air quality, decreasing dependence on foreign oil, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. However, major barriers — especially economics — currently prevent the widespread use of these.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy, Science & Technology

301 
go directly to report, PDF _ IB10054 - Energy Tax Policy
25-May-2006; Salvatore Lazzari; 19 p.
Update: June 16, 2006

Previous releases: Sept. 23, 2005; June, 2005; April, 2005; Jan., 2005; Jul., 2004; Sept., 2003; Aug., 2003; June, 2003; May, 2003; Apr., 2003; Jan., 2003;
/NLE/CRSreports/06feb/IB10054.pdf

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS: On May 17, the President signed a $70 billion tax reco.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Historically, U.S. federal energy tax policy promoted the supply of oil and gas. However, the 1970s witnessed (1) a significant cutback in the oil and gas industry’s tax preferences, (2) the imposition of new excise taxes on oil, and (3) the introduction of numerous tax preferences for energy .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Economics & Trade, Transportation

509 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32173 - Tax Preferences for Sport Utility Vehicles (SUVs): Current Law and Legislative Initiatives in the 109th Congress
4-Apr-2006; Gary Guenther; 20 p.
Update: June 19, 2006

Previous Releases:
/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL32173.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The surge in domestic popularity of large sport utility vehicles (SUVs) since the early 1990s has stirred a debate over what steps the federal government should take, if any, to mitigate their effects on the environment, highway safety, traffic congestion, and U.S. dependence on foreign sources o.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy

249 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30304 - The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History
4-Apr-2006; Pamela J. Jackson; 16 p.
Update: June 19, 2006

Previous Releases:
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/transportation/trans-24.cfm.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Excise taxes have long been a part of our country’s revenue history. In the field of gasoline taxation, the states led the way with Oregon enacting the first tax on motor fuels in 1919. By 1932, all states and the District of Columbia had followed suit with tax rates that ranged between two and s.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Economics & Trade

934 
go directly to report, PDF _ IB90122 - Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
20-Jan-2006; Robert Bamberger; 16 p.
Update: May 24, 2006

Most Recent Developments:

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT, P.L. 109-58), enacted on August 8, 2005, (1) authorizes $3.5 million annually during FY2006-FY2010 for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to carry out fuel economy rulemakings; (2) requires a.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-163, EPCA) established new car fuel economy standards for passenger automobiles and light-duty trucks. The current corporate average fuel economy standard (CAFE) is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for passenger automobiles. Light truck standa.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy, Legislative

1493 
go directly to report, HTML _ RS20580 - Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety - Federal Program and Legislative Issues
28-Dec-2000; Paul F. Rothberg, Fred Abousleman; 4 p.
Abstract: The 106th Congress considered several bills that would have reauthorized the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), as amended, (including P.L. 93-633 and P.L. 101-500). That body of law specifies the broad purposes and operating authorities for the U.S. Department of Transportatio.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Transportation, Energy
873 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20298 - Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards
17-Dec-2004; Brent D. Yacobucci; 6 p.
Update: April 14, 2005



Previous releases:
/nle/crsreports/03Sep/RS20298.pdf
/nle/crsreports/03May/RS20298.pdf
/nle/crsreports/03Apr/RS20298.pdf
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/RS20298.pdf
http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/air/air-3.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Most sport utility vehicles, mini-vans, and pickups are classified as ¨light trucks¨
and thus are regulated less stringently than passenger cars under two major laws ? the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act for fuel economy standards, and the Clean Air Act
for emissions standar.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Transportation, Pollution
225 
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