Waste Management
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go directly to report, PDF _ 98-64 - Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information
25-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 6 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
January 20, 1999
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Safe Drinking Water Act and the Clean Water Act impose requirements regarding drinking water quality and wastewater treatment in rural areas. Approximately 27% of the U.S. population lives in areas defined by the Census Bureau as rural. Many rural communities need to complete water and waste .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Waste Management
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31851 - Animal Waste and Water Quality: EPA Regulation of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)
20-Aug-2008; Claudia Copeland; 27 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 28, 2007
August 31, 2007
September 21, 2006 (http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/06Oct/RL31851.pdf)
April 11, 2007(http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/07May/RL31851.pdf)
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Abstract: According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the release of waste from animal feedlots to surface water, groundwater, soil, and air is associated with a range of human health and ecological impacts and contributes to degradation of the nation’s surface waters. The most dramatic ecological im.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Waste Management, Pollution
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34617 - Recycling Programs In Congress: Legislative Development and Architect of the Capitol Administration
14-Aug-2008; Jacob R. Straus; 42 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 14, 2008
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Abstract: The House of Representatives and the Senate created separate voluntary recycling programs in 1989, during the 101st Congress (1989-1991). Administered by the Architect of the Capitol, the recycling programs aimed to reduce the amount of material sent to landfills and establish the House and the S.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Risk & Reform, Waste Management, Government
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34572 - Phthalates in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects
28-Jul-2008; Linda-Jo Schierow, Margaret Mikyung Lee; 24 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
July 28, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Roughly a dozen chemicals known as phthalates are used to make the plastics found in thousands of consumer products, ranging from medical tubing to automotive dashboards to bath toys. These phthalates are not tightly held by the plastics and are released into the environment over time. Congress i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: General Interest, Risk & Reform, Waste Management
go directly to report _ RL34394 - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Issues and Arguments
12-Mar-2008; Jonathan Medalia; 78 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty would ban all nuclear explosions. It was opened for signature in 1996. As of March 2008, 178 nations had signed it and 144 had ratified. To enter into force, 44 specified nations must ratify it; 35 have done so. The Senate rejected the treaty in 1999; the.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, International, Risk & Reform
go directly to report _ RS22817 - The D.C. Circuit Rejects the EPA's Mercury Rules: New Jersey vs. EPA
9-Apr-2008; Robert Meltz and James E. McCarthy; 6 p.
Abstract: On February 8, 2008, the D.C. Circuit decided New Jersey v. EPA, unanimously vacating two EPA rules under the Clean Air Act (CAA) regarding emissions of mercury from electric utility steam generating units (EGUs). The two rules had the effect of shifting EPA regulation of power-plant emissions of.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Legislative
go directly to report _ RS22807 - Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs (CFLs): Issues with Use and Disposal
27-Feb-2008; Linda Luther; 6 p.
Abstract: Compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), a smaller version of fluorescent tubes, are produced with technology that allows them to fit into standard lighting products such as lamps and ceiling fixtures. The bulbs use one-fifth to one-quarter the energy and can last 10 times longer than traditional .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Waste Management
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34147 - Managing Electronic Waste: An Analysis of State E-Waste Legislation
6-Feb-2008; Linda Luther; 25 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
September 10, 2007.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established regulations regarding the disposal of hazardous wastes. Although there are federal requirements under RCRA for the management of hazardous waste, some states have opted to.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, Government, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33720 - Imports of Canadian Waste
4-Feb-2008; James E. McCarthy; 10 p.
Update: Previous releases:
November 8, 2007
March 16, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Private waste haulers and Canadian cities – including the city of Toronto – ship large quantities of waste to the United States. More than four million tons (as many as 400 truckloads a day) were shipped in 2005, according to the Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Three-quarters of this waste g.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Waste Management, International, Information
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34184 - The Section 198 Brownfields Tax Incentive: 2007 CRS Survey
25-Sep-2007; Mark Reisch ; 21 p.
Abstract: What was regarded as a key brownfields tax incentive in the Internal Revenue Code expires on December 31, 2007. Originally enacted in the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-34), the provision allows a taxpayer to fully deduct the costs of environmental cleanup in the year the costs were in.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Waste Management, Government
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