Water
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go directly to report, PDF _ RL31411 - Controversies over Redefining “Fill Material” Under the Clean Water Act
20-Apr-2009; Claudia Copeland; 12 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 12, 2007
May 19, 2005
February 2, 2005
http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/05Feb/RL31411.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On May 3, 2002, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) announced a regulation redefining two key terms, “fill material” and “discharge of fill material,” in rules that implement Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. This report discusses the 2002 .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Pollution, Waste Management
218 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22037 - Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues
10-Apr-2009; Mary Tiemann; 12 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
February 22, 2008
March 9, 2007
June 20, 2006
April 27, 2006

/nle/crsreports/05Jun/RS22037.pdf

/nle/crsreports/05Feb/RS22037.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996 authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health. Under the program, states.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Federal Agencies
490 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22060 - The Sport Fish and Restoration Boating Trust Fund
17-Mar-2009; Eugene H. Buck; 9 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
May 19, 2005
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Aquatic Resources Trust Fund was created in 1984 and subsequently amended to support a variety of programs. This report details sources of funding for this trust fund?s two accounts ? the Sport Fish Restoration Account and the Boat Safety Account ? and summarizes the various programs and activit.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Water
191 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34580 - Drought in the United States: Causes and Issues for Congress
2-Mar-2009; Peter Folger, Betsy A. Cody, Nicole T. Carter; 19 p.
Abstract: Drought is commonly defined as a deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually a season or more, relative to some long-term average condition. Droughts have affected the United States, particularly the American West, for centuries. Drought affects societies because of the c.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Legislative
2227 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40216 - Water Infrastructure Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
12-Mar-2009; Claudia Copeland, Nicole T. Carter; 16 p.
Abstract: On January 28, 2009, the House passed H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. On February 10, the Senate passed an amended version of H.R. 1 (S.Amdt. 570). On February 13, the House and Senate adopted a conference report (H.Rept. 111-16) that reconciled differences between the.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Water
2222 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34640 - Regulating Ballast Water Discharges: Current Legislative Issues
15-Jan-2009; Claudie Copeland; 14 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
September 8, 2008.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Today there is wide agreement on the need for stronger measures to control ballast water discharges from vessels which are a major pathway for introduction of invasive species into U.S. waters, but there are differing views on how best to do that. Current federal authority to manage ballast water.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Legislative
2082 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32956 - Great Lakes Water Withdrawals: Legal and Policy Issues
7-Oct-2008; Pervaze A. Sheikh, Cynthia Brougher; 26 p.
Update: Previous Updates:
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Great Lakes and their connecting waters form the largest fresh surface water system on Earth and support substantial social, economic, and ecological interests in the United States and Canada. Because less than 1% of Great Lakes water, on average, is renewed annually, many are concerned with .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Natural Resources, Wetlands
2064 
go directly to report _ RL34506 - Tsunami Detection and Warnings for the United States
25-Sep-2008; Wayne A. Morrissey; 17 p.
Abstract: Congress raised concerns about the possible vulnerability of U.S. coastal areas to tsunamis, and the adequacy of early warning for coastal areas, after a strong underwater earthquake struck off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004. The earthquake generated a tsunami that devastat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Marine
2148 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32198 - Indian Reserved Water Rights: An Overview
24-Jan-2005; Nathan Brooks; 18 p.
Update: Previous Reports:
January 24, 2005
May 13, 2005
/NLE/CRSreports/04jan/RL32198.pdf.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: With the dramatic population increase in the West over the last thirty years, the Western states have been under increasing pressure from their citizens to secure future access to water. In planning to meet this goal, however, Western officials have had to confront a heretofore obscure doctrine of w.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water
144 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34201 - Safe Drinking Water Act: Selected Regulatory and Legislative Issues
26-Nov-2008; Mary Tiemann ; 25 p.
Update: Previous updates:
October 2, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Much progress has been made in assuring the quality of public water supplies since the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was first enacted in 1974. Public water systems must meet extensive regulations, and public water system management has become a much more complex and professional endeavor. Th.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Legislative, Pollution
1925 
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