International Finance
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41161 - Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2011 Appropriations
4-Oct-2010; Nathan James, Oscar R. Gonzales, Jennifer D. Williams; 62 p.
Abstract: This report provides an overview of actions taken by Congress to provide FY2011 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS). It also provides an overview of FY2010 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded under the CJS bill. The source for the FY2010-enacted am.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Science & Technology, International Finance
go directly to report, PDF _ R41302 - Climate Investment Funds (CIFs): An Overview
23-Jun-2010; Richard K. Lattanzio; 18 p.
Abstract: For political, social, economic, and environmental reasons, the United States helps finance programs in developing countries to address global climate change and other environmental issues. Several factors are important in structuring the U.S. agenda, including, among others, the choice of recipi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, International Finance
go directly to report _ RL34689 - Oil Industry Financial Performance and the Windfall Profits Tax
30-Sep-2008; Salvatore Lazzari, Robert Pirog; 25 p.
Abstract: Over the past 10 years, surging crude oil and petroleum product prices have increased oil and gas industry revenues and generated record profits, particularly for the top five major integrated companies (also known as the “super-majors”): Exxon- Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, Chevron, and Conoco/P.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, International Finance
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34620 - Comparing Global Influence: China's and the U.S. Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Trade, and Investment in a Developing World
15-Aug-2008; Thomas Lum, Christopher M. Blanchard, Nicolas Cook, Kerry Dumbaugh, Susan B. Epstein, Shirley A. Kan, Michael F. Martin, Wayne M. Morrison, Dick K. Nanto, Jim Nichol, Jeremy M. Sharp, Mark P. Sullivan, Bruce Vaughn, Thomas Coipuram Jr.; 175 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
August 15, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report compares the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) and U.S. projections of global influence, with an emphasis on non-coercive means or “soft power,” and suggests ways to think about U.S. foreign policy options in light of China’s emergence. Part One discusses U.S. foreign policy interest.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International, International Finance
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22183 - Trade Preferences for Developing Countries and the WTO
3-Mar-2008; Jeanne J. Grimmett; 6 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 29, 2007
June 20, 2006
April 5, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: World Trade Organization (WTO) Members must grant immediate and unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) treatment to the products of other Members with respect to tariffs and other trade-related measures. Programs such as the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), under which developed countrie.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, International Finance, Federal Agencies
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34314 - China’s Holdings of U.S. Securities: Implications for the U.S. Economy
27-Feb-2008; Wayne M. Morrison and Marc Labonte ; 13 p.
Abstract: Given its relatively low savings rate, the U.S. economy depends heavily on foreign capital inflows from countries with high savings rates (such as China) to help promote growth and to fund the federal budget deficit. China has intervened heavily in currency markets to limit the yuan’s appreciation. .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Economics & Trade, International Finance
go directly to report, PDF _ 98-928 - The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues
9-May-2007; Ian F. Fergusson; 15 p.
Update: Update:
June 4, 2001
March 5, 2003

The World Trade Organization (WTO), which was established on January 1, 1995, is the principal organization for rules governing international trade. This report provides general background on the WTO: its establishment, principles, administrative bod.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 1995, under an agreement reached during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The Uruguay Round was the last of a series of periodic trade negotiations held under the auspices of the WTO’s predecessor, the Genera.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International Finance, International, Economics & Trade

go directly to report, PDF _ RL32427 - Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative
7-Feb-2006; Larry Nowels; 43 p.
Update: June 1, 2006

.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In a speech on March 14, 2002, President Bush outlined a proposal for a major new U.S. foreign aid initiative. The program, referred to as the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection proc.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International Finance, Government, International

go directly to report, HTML _ RS20417 - Environment and the World Trade Organization(WTO) at Seattle: Issues and Concerns
21-Dec-1999; Susan R. Fletcher; 3 p.
Abstract: As the United States prepared for the ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Seattle, Washington, held November 30 - December 3, 1999, environmental issues were once again a focus of attention. This meeting of the decision making body of the WTO was expected to make decisions t.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Economics & Trade, International Finance
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31662 - Developing Countries: Definitions, Concepts and Comparisons
6-Dec-2002; Jonathan E. Sanford, Anjula Sandhu; 39 p.
Abstract: What is a developing country? How does one know whether a country is actually developing or not? This report looks at this issue from several perspectives. Using a series of reports by various organizations, it shows how countries rank in their levels of development according to different criteria. .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International Finance, Economics & Trade, International
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