Natural Resources
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41296 - Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP): Status and Issues
8-Nov-2010; Megan Stubbs; 17 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 22, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246, 2008 farm bill) created the Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP). The two main purposes of BCAP are (1) to support the establishment and production of eligible crops for conversion to bioenergy in selected areas, and (2) to assist ag.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Natural Resources, Energy
go directly to report, PDF _ R41347 - Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain
30-Sep-2010; Marc Humphries; 19 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 28, 2010
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Abstract: The concentration of production of rare earth elements (REEs) outside the United States raises the important issue of supply vulnerability. REEs are used for new energy technologies and national security applications. Is the United States vulnerable to supply disruptions of REEs? Are these elemen.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Mining
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34339 - Coastal Zone Management: Background and Reauthorization Issues
29-Sep-2010; Harold F. Upton; 27 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 20, 2008
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Abstract: The Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) was first enacted in 1972, at a time when coordinated land use planning was generally supported in Congress. Planning was seen as central to protecting natural resources while fostering wise development in the coastal zone. Since 1972, pressures for both pre.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Natural Resources, General Interest
go directly to report, PDF _ RL32154 - Marine Protected Areas: An Overview
29-Sep-2010; Eugene H. Buck, and Harold F. Upton; 26 p.
Update: Previous releases:
February 6, 2009
January 29, 2008
March 1, 2007
May 13,2005
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Abstract: There continues to be congressional interest in limiting human activity in certain areas of the marine environment, as one response to mounting evidence of declining environmental quality and populations of living resources. The purposes of proposed additional limits would be both to stem decline.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Biodiversity, Natural Resources
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33404 - Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework
20-Sep-2010; Adam Vann; 26 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
April 6, 2010
August 5, 2008
January 30, 2008
January 30, 2007
September 21, 2007
March 3, 2007
January 3, 2007
July 28, 2006
July 14, 2006
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Abstract: The development of offshore oil, gas, and other mineral resources in the United States is impacted by a number of interrelated legal regimes, including international, federal, and state laws. International law provides a framework for establishing national ownership or control of offshore areas, .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Legislative, Marine
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21613 - Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues
15-Sep-2010; Tadlock Cowan; 14 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 20, 2010
September 11, 2008
January 3, 2008
August 16, 2007
Februaru 14, 2007
February 4, 2005
May 19, 2005.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), enacted in 1985, provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more. It is the federal government’s largest private land retirement program. The program is administered by the F.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Natural Resources, Legislative
go directly to report, PDF _ R41396 - The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act
8-Sep-2010; Kristina Alexander; 18 p.
Abstract: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill leaked an estimated 4.1 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, damaging the waters, shores, and marshes, and the fish and wildlife that live there. The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) establishes a process for assessing the damages to those natural resources .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Marine, Natural Resources, Pollution
go directly to report, PDF _ R41371 - Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy
16-Aug-2010; Kelsi Bracmort, Richard K. Lattanzio, Emily C. Barbour; 43 p.
Abstract: As a participant in several international agreements on climate change, the United States has joined with other nations to express concern about climate change. However, at the national level the United States has not yet developed a comprehensive climate change policy. In the absence of a compre.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Mining, Science & Technology
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33531 - Land and Water Conervation Fund: Overview, Funding History, and Current Issues
13-Aug-2010; Carol Hardy Vincent; 15 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 10, 2006
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Abstract: The Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) Act of 1965 was enacted to help preserve, develop, and assure access to outdoor recreation facilities to strengthen the health of U.S. citizens. The law created the Land and Water Conservation Fund in the U.S. Treasury as a funding source to implement i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Water, Public Lands
go directly to report, PDF _ RS20158 - National Park System: Establishing New Units
22-Jul-2010; Carol Hardy Vincent; 10 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 10, 2008
September 28, 2006

/NLE/CRSreports/04Jan/RS20158.pdf .... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The National Park System includes 392 diverse units administered by the National Park Service (NPS) of the Department of the Interior. Units generally are added to the National Park System by act of Congress, although the President may proclaim national monuments on land that is federally managed.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Public Lands, Natural Resources, Federal Agencies
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