Transportation
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go directly to report, PDF _ R40506 - Cars, Trucks, and Climate: EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources
2-Nov-2010; James E. McCarthy; 22 p.
Update: Previous releases:
May 4, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: As Congress and the Administration consider new legislation to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change, the Environmental Protection Agency has simultaneously begun to exercise its existing authority under the Clean Air Act to set standards for GHG emissions. T.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Climate Change
2251 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40168 - Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
22-Sep-2010; Brent D. Yacobucci; 23 p.
Update: Previous releases:
February 13, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles are seen by proponents as integral to improving urban air quality, decreasing dependence on foreign oil, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. However, major barriers—especially economics—currently prevent the widespread use of these fuels .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation
2213 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40110 - Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs
15-Sep-2010; Brent D. Yacobucci; 18 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
July 29, 2008
March 18, 2008
January 3, 2007
/NLE/CRSreports/08Aug/RL33572.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: With recent high energy prices, the passage of major energy legislation in 2005 (P.L. 109-58) and 2007 (P.L. 110-140), and the passage of a new farm bill in 2008 (P.L. 110-246), there is ongoing congressional interest in promoting alternatives to petroleum fuels. Biofuels—transportation fuels pro.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Science & Technology, Transportation
1790 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40654 - Accelerated Vehicle Retirement for Fuel Economy: “Cash for Clunkers”
3-Mar-2010; Brent D. Yacobucci and Bill Canis; 17 p.
Abstract: In an attempt to boost sagging U.S. auto sales and to promote higher vehicle fuel economy, the President signed legislation on June 24, 2009, P.L. 111-32, establishing a program to provide rebates to prospective purchasers toward the purchase of new, fuel-efficient vehicles, provided the trade-in.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy
2289 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40155 - Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): Overview and Issues
14-Jul-2010; Randy Schnepf, Brent D. Yacobucci; 33 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 6, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Federal policy has played a key role in the emergence of the U.S. biofuels industry. Policy measures include minimum renewable fuel usage requirements, blending and production tax credits, an import tariff, loans and loan guarantees, and research grants. This report focuses on the mandated minimu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Natural Resources, Transportation
2276 
go directly to report, PDF _ R40984 - Legal Consequences of EPA’s Endangerment Finding for New Motor Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions
15-Dec-2009; Robert Meltz; 24 p.
Abstract: On December 15, 2009, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) took its most important action to date related to climate change. EPA published its final determination that the combined greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from new motor vehicles in the United States contribute to an “endangerment” fro.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Transportation
2246 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34475 - Transportation Fuel Taxes: Impacts of a Repeal or Moratorium
7-May-2008; Robert Pirog and John W. Fischer; 10 p.
Abstract: Legislation that would repeal or otherwise provide for a summer-long moratorium of federal transportation fuel taxes has been introduced in the 110th Congress. Simultaneously, Senators McCain and Clinton are proposing a summer fuel tax collection moratorium as part of their Presidential campaigns. F.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Government
2121 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33413 - Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
7-May-2008; Brent D. Yacobucci and Robert Bamberger; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
December 3, 2007
August 16, 2007
June 1, 2007
/NLE/CRSreports/07Jun/RL33413.pdf
January 19, 2007
December 12, 2006
July 28, 2006
May 09, 2006

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
On April 6, 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administ.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: High crude oil and gasoline prices and wider concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and climate change have contributed to interest in reducing fossil fuel consumption. This has renewed focus on U.S. gasoline consumption in the transportation sector and federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAF.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Pollution, Air

1637 
go directly to report _ RS22870 - Waiver Authority Under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)
5-May-2008; Brent D. Yacobucci; 5 p.
Abstract: Transportation fuels are required by federal law to contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel each year. This renewable fuel standard (RFS), established by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct, P.L. 109-58) and amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), req.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Energy
2128 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL30369 - Fuel Ethanol: Background and Public Policy Issues
17-Dec-2004; Brent Yacobucci; 21 p.
Update: April 13, 2005
Previous releases: /nle/crsreports/04sep/RL30369.pdf /nle/crsreports/03Aug/RL30369.pdf /nle/crsreports/03Jul/RL30369.pdf /nle/crsreports/03Jun/RL30369.pdf /nle/crsreports/03May/RL30369.pdf http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreports/RL30369.pdf http://www.NCSEonline.org/nle/crsreport.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: In light of a changing regulatory and legislative arena, ethanol as a motor fuel has taken on a pivotal role in bringing together often conflicting environmental and energy security interests. Ethanol is produced from biomass (mainly corn) and is mixed with gasoline to produce cleaner-burning fuel c.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Agriculture, Transportation
125 
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