Climate Change
    Records 11 to 20 of 106
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41302 - Climate Investment Funds (CIFs): An Overview
23-Jun-2010; Richard K. Lattanzio; 18 p.
Abstract: For political, social, economic, and environmental reasons, the United States helps finance programs in developing countries to address global climate change and other environmental issues. Several factors are important in structuring the U.S. agenda, including, among others, the choice of recipi.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, International Finance
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34705 - Estimating Offset Supply in a Cap-and-Trade Program
16-Apr-2010; Jonathan L. Ramseur; 15 p.
Abstract: If allowed as a compliance option in a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction program (e.g., a cap-and-trade system), offsets have the potential to provide considerable cost savings and other benefits. However, offsets have generated considerable controversy, primarily over the concern that ille.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change, Economics & Trade
go directly to report, PDF _ R40914 - Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications
12-Apr-2010; Larry Parker, Jeanne J. Grimmett; 71 p.
Abstract: The United States has proposed, and the European Union (EU) developed, policies to mitigate the potential economic and environmental (i.e., “carbon leakage”) impacts of carbon policies on energy- or greenhouse gas-intensive, trade-exposed industries. While studies have found little effect of carb.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: International, Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ R41175 - International Agreements on Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions
12-Apr-2010; Emily C. Barbour; 22 p.
Abstract: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) opened for signature in 1992 and soon thereafter was ratified by the United States. The UNFCCC does not set greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets, and during ratification hearings, the George H.W. Bush Administration re.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ R41212 - EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options
8-Jun-2010; James McCarthy, Larry Parker; 17 p.
Update: Previous releases:
April 28, 2010
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The Environmental Protection Agency’s promulgation of an “endangerment finding” for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in December 2009, and its subsequent promulgation of GHG emission standards for new motor vehicles on April 1, 2010, have raised concerns among some in Congress that the agency will .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ R40667 - Anaerobic Digestion: Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction and Energy Generation
4-May-2010; Kelsi Bracmort; 16 p.
Abstract: Anaerobic digestion technology may help to address two congressional concerns that have some measure of interdependence: development of clean energy sources and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Anaerobic digestion technology breaks down a feedstock—usually manure from livestock operations—t.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ R40874 - Nitrous Oxide from Agricultural Sources: Potential Role in Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction and Ozone Recovery
3-May-2010; Kelsi Bracmort; 12 p.
Abstract: Gases other than carbon dioxide accounted for nearly 15% of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2008, yet there has been minimal discussion of these other greenhouse gases in climate and energy legislative initiatives. Reducing emissions from non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gases, such as nitrou.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Agriculture, Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ R40143 - Ocean Acidification
27-May-2010; Eugene H. Buck, Peter Folger; 15 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 2, 2009
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: With increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, the extent of effects on the ocean and marine resources is an increasing concern. One aspect of this issue is the ongoing process (known as ocean acidification) whereby seawater becomes less alkaline as more CO2 dissolves i.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ R40186 - Biochar: Examination of an Emerging Concept to Mitigate Climate Change
24-May-2010; Kelsi Bracmort; 12 p.
Update: Previous releases:
February 3, 2009
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Biochar is a charcoal produced under high temperatures using crop residues, animal manure, or any type of organic waste material. Depending on the feedstock, biochar may look similar to potting soil or to a charred substance. The combined production and use of biochar is considered a carbon-negat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Climate Change
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34560 - Forest Carbon Markets: Potential and Drawbacks
24-May-2010; Ross W. Gorte and Jonathan L. Ramseur; 21 p.
Update: Previous releases:
July 3, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Forests are major carbon sinks (storehouses), and activities that alter forests can release or sequester carbon dioxide (CO2), the most common greenhouse gas (GHG). Some carbon markets have been formed under mandatory GHG reduction regimes, such as the Kyoto Protocol and various regional and stat.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Forests, Economics & Trade, Climate Change
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