Pollution
    Records 11 to 20 of 111
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go directly to report, PDF _ R41266 - Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA): Liability of Responsible Parties
2-Jun-2010; James E Nichols; 22 p.
Abstract: The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) establishes a framework that addresses the liability of responsible parties in connection with the discharge of oil into the navigable waters of the United States, adjoining shorelines, or the exclusive economic zone. Among other provisions, OPA limits certain .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Waste Management
2282 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34384 - Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?
9-Jul-2010; Robert Esworthy; 48 p.
Update: Previous releases:
August 21, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: As a result of enforcement actions and settlements for noncompliance with federal pollution control requirements, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that, for FY2007, regulated entities committed to invest an estimated $10.6 billion for judicially mandated controls and cleanu.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Legislative, Pollution
2065 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS21201 - Leaking Underground Storage Tanks: Prevention and Cleanup
18-May-2010; Mary Tiemann; 11 p.
Update: Previous Releases:
April 20, 2010
July 10, 2008
February 10, 2008
March 15, 2007
January 3, 2007
March 14, 2006
June 2, 2006

.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: To address a nationwide water pollution problem caused by leaking underground storage tanks (USTs), Congress authorized a leak prevention, detection, and cleanup program in 1984, under Subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act. In 1986, Congress established the Leaking Underground Storage Tank (.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Waste Management, Water

1457 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22990 - Gas Hydrates: Resource and Hazard
25-May-2010; Peter Folger; 9 p.
Abstract: Solid gas hydrates are a potentially huge resource of natural gas for the United States. The U.S. Geological Survey estimated that there are about 85 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of technically recoverable gas hydrates in northern Alaska. The Minerals Management Service estimated a mean value of 21,.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Energy, Pollution
2266 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33632 - Clean Air Permitting: Status of Implementation and Issues
30-Dec-2009; Claudia Copeland; 14 p.
Update: Previous Releases:

August 20, 2008
March 20, 2008
March 14, 2007
August 28, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: The 1990 Clean Air Act amendments require major industrial sources of air pollutants to obtain federal operating permits. These permits, authorized in Title V of the act, are intended to enhance environmental compliance by detailing for each covered facility all of the emission control requiremen.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Air, Pollution, Legislative

1734 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34548 - Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships
23-Dec-2009; James E. McCarthy; 21 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
February 24, 2009
August 9, 2008
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: This report provides information regarding pollution from ships and port facilities; discusses some of the measures being implemented and considered by local, state, and federal regulatory agencies; discusses the efforts to strengthen Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, Air, Legislative
2134 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL31411 - Controversies over Redefining “Fill Material” Under the Clean Water Act
20-Apr-2009; Claudia Copeland; 12 p.
Update: Previous releases:
June 12, 2007
May 19, 2005
February 2, 2005
http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/05Feb/RL31411.pdf
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: On May 3, 2002, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) announced a regulation redefining two key terms, “fill material” and “discharge of fill material,” in rules that implement Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. This report discusses the 2002 .... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Pollution, Waste Management
218 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL34201 - Safe Drinking Water Act: Selected Regulatory and Legislative Issues
26-Nov-2008; Mary Tiemann ; 25 p.
Update: Previous updates:
October 2, 2007
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Much progress has been made in assuring the quality of public water supplies since the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was first enacted in 1974. Public water systems must meet extensive regulations, and public water system management has become a much more complex and professional endeavor. Th.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Water, Legislative, Pollution
1925 
go directly to report, PDF _ RS22379 - Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Fact Sheet on Three International Agreements
12-Jun-2008; Linda-Jo Schierow; 3 p.
Update: Previous Editions:
June 12, 2008 January 3, 2007
March 3, 2006
.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that do not break down easily in the environment, tend to accumulate as they move up the food chain, and may be harmful to people and wildlife. Between 1998 and 2001, the United States signed two international treaties and one executive agreement.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Pollution, International
1587 
go directly to report, PDF _ RL33413 - Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards
7-May-2008; Brent D. Yacobucci and Robert Bamberger; 18 p.
Update: Previous releases:
December 3, 2007
August 16, 2007
June 1, 2007
/NLE/CRSreports/07Jun/RL33413.pdf
January 19, 2007
December 12, 2006
July 28, 2006
May 09, 2006

MOST RECENT DEVELOPMENTS:
On April 6, 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administ.... [expand]  [read report]
Abstract: High crude oil and gasoline prices and wider concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and climate change have contributed to interest in reducing fossil fuel consumption. This has renewed focus on U.S. gasoline consumption in the transportation sector and federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAF.... [expand]  [read report]
Topics: Transportation, Pollution, Air

1637 
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