Global Climate Change Briefing Book
Congressional Research Service
Redistributed as a service of the National Library for the Environment

Web Sites

This section provides a wide selection of internet web sites that provide information, perspectives and opinions about global climate change. In an effort to provide a broad range of approaches, sites with opposing views are available among the selections below. Efforts have been made to take users directly to sections on climate change within these sites, but in some cases, several steps may be necessary to get to the relevant area. Note: CRS does not endorse these viewpoints or positions, but provides these sites as policy research tools, and to acquaint users of this briefing book with many of the wide variety of views surrounding global climate change issues.


Public Policy/Research | Interest Groups | U.S. Government Agencies | International Organizations | Media/News Sources


Public Policy/Research

Competitive Enterprise Institute

The Competitive Enterprise Institute is a "pro-market, public policy group committed to advancing the principles of free enterprise and limited government." This web site contains several articles supporting CEI position that there is "no compelling reason" to take "drastic actions" to reduce greenhouse gases.

Global Warming Central

Created by the Pace Energy Project at the Pace University School of Law, this site aims to provide "key" information for understanding the global climate change debate. It offers reports, statements by world leaders, U.S. legislative action, government documents, NGO documents, treaties, an international on-line debate, and web sites.

The Heritage Foundation Publications Library

The Heritage foundation conducts research and educational activities "to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense." It has several publications that address global climate change and related issues. Search for "climate change" and "global warming."

Resources for the Future

Resources for the Future (RFF) is a nonprofit and nonpartisan organization that conducts independent research -- rooted primarily in economics and other social sciences -- on environmental and natural resource issues. Library: Environment Papers and reports on specific climate change issues.


Weathervane is an online forum designed to provide the news media, legislators, opinion leaders, and the interested public with analysis and commentary on U.S. and global policy initiatives related to climate change. Launched in July 1997, Weathervane is published by Resources for the Future (RFF) with an eye on the international negotiations that are to decide on goals and actions under the Framework Convention on Climate Change.

World Resources Institute

The World Resources Institute carries out policy research and technical assistance on global environmental and development issues. The Climate Protection Initiative is a partnership between WRI and leading corporations to define safe climate, sound business scenarios policy pathways for stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations, meeting world energy demand, while maintaining a healthy economic environment.


Interest Groups

Alliance to Save Energy

The Alliance to Save Energy is a nonprofit coalition of prominent business, government, environmental, and consumer leaders who promote the efficient and clean use of energy worldwide, arguing benefits for the environment, the economy, and national security.

American Farm Bureau Federation

The Farm Bureau is the nation's largest general farm organization, and takes positions on a wide variety of issues affecting agriculture and rural areas. Positions and discussion on climate change and agriculture are found in sections on "Analysis" and "Backgrounders" under the major heading "Issues."

American Petroleum Institute (API)

The API is a national trade association representing the petroleum industry. In its web page, Global Climate Issues, it opposes the international agreement to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases because of what it perceives to be "enormous" economic costs, lack of a sound scientific basis, and the prospect of little, if any, environmental benefit.

American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)

The AWEA is a trade and advocacy organization representing the U.S. wind energy industry and individuals who support this form of energy. Its web site contains lists of sources of information that tend to favor wind energy.

Climate Action Network (CAN)

The CAN is an international consortium of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that stimulates joint work and advocacy by organizations that favor policies to reduce and mitigate climate change and associated greenhouse gas emissions.

Coalition for Vehicle Choice

The Coalition for Vehicle Choice is an association of automobile manufacturers and other industrial and agricultural groups interested in preserving freedom of choice and mobility in developing environmental policy. This web site expresses concern and opposition to the Kyoto Protocol.

Edison Electric Institute (EEI)

Edison Electric Institute is the association of shareholder-owned electric companies. EEI believes that the best way to address climate change is through voluntary, flexible, and cost effective efforts.

Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

The EDF is an environmental interest group that engages in advocacy and environmental education on a wide range of environmental issues. This address takes one directly to the EDF's web site page on global climate change.

Global Climate Coalition (GCC)

The GCC is an organization of private companies and business trade associations from some sectors, established to coordinate business participation in the scientific and policy debate on global climate change. This website includes expressions of concern and opposition to the Kyoto Protocol, and a variety of related policies.

National Consumer Coalition (NCC)

The NCC's climate change web site is called the Global Warming Information Page. As stated by an NCC official, the NCC maintains that the risks of global warming are speculative, but the risks of global warming policies are very real.

Pew Center on Global Climate Change

The Pew Center on Global Climate Change brings together a cooperative initiative of large corporations including Boeing, 3M, Maytag, BP America, Toyota, and Whirlpool, "to educate the public on the risks, challenges, and solutions to climate change."

Western Fuels Association

Western Fuels Association represents western coal producer and user interests. Their primary interest in climate change is "to publicize scientific information expressing skepticism about apocalyptic climate change and the likelihood the effect of increased atmospheric concentration of CO2 will be benign."

U.S. Government Agencies

U.S. Agency for International Development

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) provides funding to developing countries that includes activities related to global climate change. This document provides information about such projects.

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
The Economic Research Service

U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs

[The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs is the Department of State's focal point for foreign policy formulation and implementation for global environment, science, and technology issues.]

Issue Spotlight: Climate Change

This web page highlights the Department of State's U.S. Climate Change Plan. It is a policy-oriented site that emphasizes international participation and contains briefings, remarks, testimonies, fact sheets, and reports.

Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change: Fact Sheet

U.S. Department of Energy
Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is an independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. EIA maintains a large data and information program relevant to energy resources and reserves, energy production, energy demand, energy technologies, and related financial and statistical information. This EIA address takes you straight to EIA's climate-related data and other climate links.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The EPA is a U.S. Government agency with responsibilities for environmental regulation, monitoring, research, and data. This EPA site analyzes global climate change focusing on: the climate system, what we know about the impacts of climate change, and the actions being taken to address global climate change. The site also contains a U.S. greenhouse gas inventory, a bibliography, and a list of annotated links.

U.S. Executive Office of the President

The White House Initiative on Global Climate Change explains the Administration's proposals and provides background sections that include: the Science of Climate Change; Insights from Experts; Scientists Brief Broadcast Weathercasters on Climate Change Issues; Related Events; and Related Sites.

U.S. Global Change Research Information Office

The Global Change Research Program was established by P.L. 101-606, the Global Change Research Act of 1990, and is operated by a consortium of federal agencies. The GCRIO Home Page provides access to data and information on global change research, adaptation/mitigation strategies and technologies, and global change related educational resources on behalf of the U.S. Global Change Research Program and its participating federal agencies and organizations. This site includes: bibliographic databases; participating agency web sites focused on global climate change; and a special section on environmental education and research funding opportunities.


International Organizations


Global Environment Facility

This is the website of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), administered by the World Bank, the U.N. Development Programme (UNDP), and the U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP). A major focus of its funding in developing countries is on global climate change.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, the IPCC's function is to assess for policymakers the available scientific, technical, and socio-economic information on global climate change. The IPCC serves as the scientific and technical advisory body of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. This site contains their reports and technical papers.

International Energy Agency

The International Energy Agency, based in Paris, is an autonomous agency linked with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It deals broadly with energy and oil production issues, and maintains a section of its website on climate change.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is composed of developed country members. It analyzes and recommends policies across a wide range of economic and social issues. It maintains a section of its website on climate change issues.

United Nations Environment Programme
The Climate Change Information Kit with 30 fact sheets

The UNEP is the environmental agency of the United Nations, dealing with a wide range of international environmental issues.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

This is the official web site of the Climate Change Secretariat. It provides access to the Kyoto Protocol, background information on global climate change (Climate Change Information Kit), official documents (Climate Change Convention, full-text), country information, greenhouse gas emissions inventories, national communications, and upcoming meetings and workshops.


Media/News Sources


Earth Negotiations Bulletin

This website provides day to day reporting by the Earth Negotiations Bulletin on negotiating sessions, plus summary editions at the conclusion of major meetings. It also provides links to other documents and sites of interest.

Environmental News Network, Inc.

Addresses various aspects of global warming, where countries stand on the climate change issue, about the Climate Conference in Kyoto, and includes Climate Change: Special Report.

Global Change: A Review of Climate Change and Ozone Depletion
The Electronic Edition

Global Change seeks to familiarize the public with the issues associated with climate change and ozone depletion. Since July 1996, the magazine has been published by the Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security (Oakland, California). The publication originally was launched in July 1995 by the University of Maryland's Center for Global Change. The articles are brief and written for a very broad audience. A large glossary is provided as well as extensive references, including direct linkages to information sources elsewhere on the Internet.

Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security

The goal of Global Change Electronic Edition is to familiarize the public with the issues associated with climate change and ozone depletion.

Page last updated January 11, 2001

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